Written by: Gurmit Kaur (4512192) & Araz Albeg (3920676), Victoria University Melbourne, Australia.
“Each culture has its sayings and songs about the importance of home, and the comfort and security to be found there. Yet for many women, home is a place of pain and humiliation … violence against women by their male partners is common, wide-spread and far-reaching in its impact. For too long hidden behind closed doors and avoided in public discourse, such violence can no longer be denied as part of everyday life for millions of women” (Liesl Mitchell).
The blog is what is described in this quote; issue of family domestic violence.
As Masters Students studying in Victoria University, we are inspired to write this blog to analyse the data related to domestic violence by using a powerful tool of visualisation that is SAP Lumira by our most respected and influential mentors Associate Professor Paul Hawking and Doctor Scott Bingley as a part of our course assessment. It is most inspiring and learning enhancing experience for us as it is our first time to write a blog.
For the sake of preparing this project we collected data related to domestic violence in Victoria from different sources like Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), AIC (Australian Institute of Criminology), Local Government Areas (LGAs) and Victorian police and analysed and visualised it using SAP Lumira which was introduced to us in our Business Analytics (BCO6007) class in Victoria University.
Domestic violence occurs in many forms and it includes violent, abusive or intimidating behaviour of a family member, carer or partner or ex-partner to control, dominate physically or psychologically or instil fear. The various aspects of domestic violence includes:
- Verbal: humiliating in public or in private and attacking on one’s image
- Physical violence: direct assault on the body of victim
- Psychological: threatening the person by destroying property, driving dangerously and threatening to ‘out’ the person
- Sexual abuse: Harassing and stalking sexually
- Emotional: Emotional blackmail or suicidal threatening or undermining one’s self esteem
- Social: Isolating victim from family and friends by restricting going out and meeting people and using telephone
- Financial: controlling the victims access to money and property
Domestic violence can affect anyone in the community, regardless of age, sexual or gender identity, race, culture, ethnicity, disability, religion, economic status or location. And domestic violence is not limited to one type of relationship or one social group. Various types of relationships are recognised within the category of ‘domestic’ including:
- Marriage and de facto partnerships
- Intimate personal relationships (boyfriend or girlfriend)
- long term residents in the same residential facility
- Carers; relatives; and in the case of Aboriginal people – extended family or kin. It does not matter whether the relationship is past or current.
By analysing the data it could be said that in Victoria the family incidents offences has been constantly increased from year 2009 till 2014. As most of the incidents often go unreported, it was difficult to measure true extent of domestic violence issue. Family incidents rates were higher than reported incidents in some situations, as the rates are calculated based of 100000 populations. Also the data shows that children and young people may be affected by home violence who presented in the home during the family incidents offences. Which leads to child abuse and further the risk of alcohol and drug abuse and delinquency in later life in the children of victims. It can also impact people not directly experiencing victimisation thus impacting the wider community for example, effects of bullying or aggression by victim families flowing to others.
From above visualisations it is clear that in Victoria alone, domestic violence incidents have been increased from 2009 to 2014. The family violence incidents recorded by police has been doubled in 2013-2014 as compared to 2009-2010. Whereas visualisation 2 shows that the rates of family incidents are higher than those incidents recorded by police service areas (PSA). In 2013-2014, the family incidents reported to police are only half of the incidents actually occurred as evident from the rates, reason being the number of unreported incidents. The increase in number of children (which is 22,429 in 2014) presented during family violence has also been awfully increased at alarming rates raising the serious issue of child abuse as evident from visualisation 3. Whereas Casey, Hume and Frankston are the top three cities with higher number of incidents of family violence recorded by police, areas need more consideration as compared to others.
To conclude, effective measures need to be taken to control domestic violence in our community by improving data collection of domestic violence, improving intervention, public awareness and education programs and focusing on the effects of domestic violence such as development of life cycle of abuse from one generation to another.
Many Thanks to