Written By: Vignesh and Shivali
We would like to start with a defining Domestic Violence-
Domestic and family violence takes many forms. It involves violent, abusive or intimidating behavior carried out by a partner, carer or family member to control, dominate, humiliate or threat.
As Masters Students at Victoria University, we are very privileged to work under the supervision of persuasive advisers, Paul Hawking and Scott Bingley who prepared us to write this blog by including this in the course assessment, and we admit it as a very inspiring experiment for us as it is our first blog.
Violent crime is a major problem in this country. The possibility that any of us might be injured or have our homes invaded by a stranger is frightening to contemplate. But hundreds of thousands of Americans face an even more devastating reality. They are harmed, not by strangers but by those they trust and love.
We were introduced to the SAP Lumira tool in our Business Analytics Class. We decided to analyze a data set on SAP LUMIRA about the victims, causes and reasons behind Domestic Violence. In our society we can notice many incidents of Domestic Violence. If you are a victim or know or see someone being a victim, it is important that the possible risk management actions are taken to stop the violence. Just as we have human rights we also have responsibilities to respect and protect the rights of others.
Types of Issues seen in Domestic Violence are:
Verbal: Swearing and continual humiliation, either in private or in public attacks following clear themes that focus on intelligence, sexuality, body image and capacity as a parent and spouse.
Psychological: This may include, but is not limited to: Driving dangerously, Destruction of property, Abuse of pets in front of family members, making threats regarding custody of children, asserting that the police and justice system will not assist, support or believe the victim, threatening the victims.
Emotional type of violence may include and is not confined to the following: Blaming the victim for all the problems in the relationship, constantly comparing the victim with others to undermine self-esteem and self-work, Withdrawing all interest and engagement (Silent Treatment), Emotional blackmail and suicidal threats.
Social: This type of violence may include and is not limited to: Systematic isolation from family and friends through techniques such as ongoing rudeness to family and friends to alienate them, Instigating and controlling the move to a location where the victim has no established social circle or employment opportunities, Restricting use of car or telephone/internet, Forbidding or physically preventing the victim from going out and socializing.
Financial type of violence may include and is not confined to the following: Forbidding access to bank accounts, Providing limited or inadequate allowance, Not allowing the victim to seek or hold employment, Coercing to sign documents or make false declarations, Using all wages earned by the victim for household expenses, Controlling the victim’s pension, Denying entitlement to joint property.
Physical: This may include but is not limited to the following: Direct assault on the body (Strangulation or choking, shaking, eye injuries, biting, slapping, pushing, spitting, punching, kicking etc.), Use of weapons including objects, Assault on children, Locking the victim out of the house, Forcing the victim to take drugs, withholding medication, food or medical care.
Sexual violence may include and is not limited to: Any form of pressured/unwanted *** or sexual degradation by an intimate partner or ex-partner, such as sexual activity without consent,Criticizing or using degrading insults.
If government and non- government agencies are confident to take safe and effective action to support victims then there is a greater possibility that Domestic Violence can stop and the person who is victim can recover.
People respect those that stand up for others who are victimbut being a supporter can be tough. Sometimes it is not easy to work out how to help safely because violence happens in different ways and places such as at home, at work or school. Concluding points –
- Looking across the data trends the most apparent pattern evident is continuous increase in Domestic Violence incidents.
- One noteworthy example is increase in family violence incidents reports to police with a high percentage increase from years 2006-2010.
- An increase in reporting suggests increased awareness and confidence in the system changing community attitude about Domestic Violence.
- In long term it is anticipated that reporting will stabilize and will decline by efforts of government and community.
- Ratio between male and female victims has remained stable since 2006-2010 but female victims were more than male victims according to data.
- The Risk Management actions which were taken helped in reducing the incidents.
- Efforts of Government and Non- Government agencies reflect a shared commitment to stop the Domestic Violence in Victoria.
- From last few years Domestic Violence increased and caused more threats than before. Family Domestic violence is most common form of violence. Victims lose faith in the system where perpetrators escape severe consequences.