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Author's profile photo Nitin Jinagal

Inspection Points: Key settings and Usage

Inspection point is a wonderful tool which can be used to carry out inspection on the basis of several factors i.e Time frame, Quantity based, Sample Management, Calibration, or any other factor called as a POINT. In simple words, Inspection points can be applied to any scenario where multiple results are captured for a common inspection lot.

SAP has defined different Inspection points in standard itself and given additional provision to define our own process. I have tried to put my best efforts to write this document to identify the basic settings required to be done, relevant master data and execution of Inspection points in an inspection lot.

Since there are already system defined identifiers available, I’m going to adopt a customized approach for Inspection points.

Process: I have taken a scenario where business needs to record multiple results for a single inspection lot on the basis of Lab name, Shift name and Sample sequence. There are ten laboratories, which are analyzing samples round the clock shift wise. It’s like recording the individual result per sample/lab/shift.

Configuration settings: QCC0> Quality Planning> Inspection planning> General> Define Identifier for Inspection points.

I have defined an Inspection point Z06 with reference of Shift, Laboratory and Sample detail.

1. In the following snap shot, Keywords are defined against respective User fields with Field Active. You need to provide a number into that to activate the respective User field. This also need to be consider that any Two fields each for Char type and Num type can be defined and one each for date and time in respective formats as indicated clearly below.

So whenever I go to record my result, I need to provide details in the sequence of Shift>Lab>Sample

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2. Next step is to define the Valuation. Go the next tab ‘Valuation’ and assign the usage decision selected set along with Acceptance and Rejection criteria.

Following snap shot indicates the UD selected set Z01 defined in Plant 1100 along with A (Accepted) and R (Rejected) codes as per valuation. This valuation is basically done once you go to save the result for each Inspection point (Explained in later part of this document).

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3. Next step is to Assign this inspection point into the header of Inspection plan.

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Above settings are well enough to use the Inspection points. There could Sampling scenario also be in the picture where SP would need to be created wrt Inspection points. If it is not into use, then no need to create one.

Execution of Inspection points.

One GR is being everyday for the PO number 3500001413. System will create three inspection lots in three days (as shown below) and multiple analysis would be done daily and respective results would be recorded for each inspection lot using Inspection points.

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When user go to record the result against first inspection lot 10000121027, system will pop up a screen asking the Shift, Lab and Sample details. Refer following snapshot where input for Shift, Lab and sample is provided. This indicates the first sample analyzed in Lab 1 during Shift A.

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Following snapshot reflects the multiple results against the same inspection lot, or different sample analysis carried out in same shift and laboratory using different point.

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Similarly, there could be different combinations. Following is another case of multiple inspection points for a different inspection lot number.

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This way, several combination can be made and result recording can be done following different points. If user provides the same combination, system will show the screen with already filled results.

As soon as you enter the result, system will ask for the valuation before saving them. It will give its own valuation (based on your predefined settings) but you can always change the valuation. Valuation against each inspection point is visible in the UD screen of the respective inspection lot.

Refer following snapshot,

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Please note that if there is any class characteristic linking done, transfer of inspection results would take place on the basis of latest valuation.

At last, it is always fair to close the inspection lot which can be done by completing UD and releasing the stock out of QI.

Multiple results against a single inspection lot are stored in table QASR. This can be used directly or to generate any customized report to download the data.

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I hope this document will come handy for all those who need step by step procedure to implement inspection points and those as well who haven’t worked on IP for long time.

Any feedback pertaining a correction, update or in general is highly appreciable to strengthen this document.

Regards,

Nitin Jinagal

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      21 Comments
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      Author's profile photo Former Member
      Former Member

      Hello Nitin, Your document is very nicely explained and all the pictures made it well easy to understand. This is really helpful for people like me who haven't got a chance to work in inspection points yet. Reading this made me clear about its use and I am confident I can use this in future.

      Thank you for sharing it.

      Regards,

      Bala

      Author's profile photo Former Member
      Former Member

      Commendable work. Easy to understand and very informative.

      Thanks for sharing.

      Author's profile photo Arijit Banerjee
      Arijit Banerjee

      Good Document Nitin. Thanks

      Author's profile photo SAP WARRIOR
      SAP WARRIOR

      Nice One. Keep it up!!!

      Author's profile photo Anand Rao
      Anand Rao

      Quite useful Nitin! Explained in lucid manner! 🙂 Thanks for sharing

      Author's profile photo Former Member
      Former Member

      Very helpful Nithin

      Author's profile photo Nitin Jinagal
      Nitin Jinagal
      Blog Post Author

      Thank you guys for your feedback. I appreciate it 🙂

      ntn

      Author's profile photo Former Member
      Former Member

      Very useful and good document 😀

      Author's profile photo Asif Sayed
      Asif Sayed

      Very helpful and good document.

      Author's profile photo Former Member
      Former Member

      Hi Nitin,You are the best.This document will help the Trainees who are suffering from lack of Knowledge sharing from team, however they know about process in Domain but lack of knowledge & support in SAP domain. Plz help us like this.

      If you are having free time,  please provide guide on 'Physical sample' & Sample drawing procedure with this type of screen shots. when 500kg of material recieved in 5 containers( 5x 100kg) with sample size required for 3 MIC's (each 50 gms.)


      Please guide us reason to select only "Freely defined inspection points" instead of other inspection points.

      Regards,

      Karthik

      Author's profile photo K Kumar
      K Kumar

      Hi sai,

      You can check the below document for Physical sample management and Sample drawing Procedure.

      Physical Samples Management in SAP QM

      Thanks

      Kumar

      Author's profile photo Nitin Jinagal
      Nitin Jinagal
      Blog Post Author

      Thanks for the kind words Sai 🙂

      I'm bit busy due to transition these days and will definitely try to work out on samples when I get time. But before that, I need to have complete and transparent knowledge about the samples (which I don't have at the moment).

      Regarding the Inspection points, you can choose other points as well following your requirement. Follow the configuration path and see what SAP has already provided there.

      ntn

      Author's profile photo Former Member
      Former Member

      Fantastic document and very easily understandable

      Author's profile photo Faisal Khan
      Faisal Khan

      Hi Nitin,

      Read your document and its really helpful. Can you elaborate how you got the TEST MIC1, TEST MIC2 etc for Operation 0010?

      Regards

      Faisal

      Author's profile photo Nitin Jinagal
      Nitin Jinagal
      Blog Post Author

      Hi Faisal, You assign them in the task list.

       

      Thanks,

      Nitin

      Author's profile photo Faisal Khan
      Faisal Khan

      Hi,

      Isn't an Inspection Plan assigned to material?

      Regards

      Author's profile photo Nitin Jinagal
      Nitin Jinagal
      Blog Post Author

      Yes, thats correct. So what is the confusion here ?

      Author's profile photo Faisal Khan
      Faisal Khan

      Hi,

      You said that MICs are assigned to the Task List on your first reply to me.

      Here i was a bit confused as MICs are attached to Operations in Inspection plan same as Task list. No issue now.

      Presently I am in the process of implementing PP/QM at a client site. Though I have expertise of PP but QM (new to me) is a requirement upon GR for Production Orders.

      Anyways thanks for clarification and will create a new post for any future requirements

      Regards

      Faisal

      Author's profile photo RISHIN VERMA
      RISHIN VERMA

      Nice document

      Author's profile photo Vignesh Veerasamy
      Vignesh Veerasamy

      Nitin Jinagal

      Useful document.

      One query can similar context be used for Defect entry screen?

      Vignesh V

       

      Author's profile photo Mateen .
      Mateen .

      Thanks for creating such an amazing document.