i was working on an report and i had to use the Exception function of the ALV list output. After reasearching i didn’t find an proper document that summarizes the Exception groups and the exception funktion of ALV list ouputs. So i created one that i want to share with you.
Exception Column in ALV Lists
In the context of the ALV list output there are several cell graphics that can be displayed by using the so called Exceptions. These Exceptions are sorted into several groups. For an output of an Exception column you have to define an output column of the type CHAR. This columns normally holds a single value. In the following tables you can see which value has to be set for the several exception groups for each row/node of the output. Also you have to set the exception column on the ALV object by calling the method SET_EXCEPTION that needs the column name of the output structure and the exception group..
Exc. group 1: LIGHTS
Exc. group 2: LED
Exc. group 3: STATUS
Exc. group 4: TREND
Exc. group 5: MESSAGE
Exc. group 6: ALERT/ WARNING/ HINT
Exc. group 7: FAILURE/ INCOMPLETE/ CHECKED
Affected are the following column classes:CL_SALV_COLUMNS_LIST
TYPES: BEGIN OF TY_TEST.
INCLUDE TYPE MARA.
TYPES: EXCEPTION TYPE C,
END OF TY_TEST.
DATA: LT_MARA TYPE STANDARD TABLE OF TY_TEST,
LS_MARA TYPE TY_TEST,
LV_STRING TYPE LVC_VALUE.
DATA: LR_SALV_TREE TYPE REF TO CL_SALV_TREE,
LR_COLUMNS TYPE REF TO CL_SALV_COLUMNS_TREE,
LR_NODES TYPE REF TO CL_SALV_NODES,
LR_NODE TYPE REF TO CL_SALV_NODE,
LV_KEY TYPE SALV_DE_NODE_KEY.
CALL METHOD CL_SALV_TREE=>FACTORY
R_SALV_TREE = LR_SALV_TREE
T_TABLE = LT_MARA.
CATCH CX_SALV_ERROR .
SELECT * UP TO 10 ROWS INTO CORRESPONDING FIELDS OF TABLE LT_MARA FROM MARA.
LR_NODES = LR_SALV_TREE->GET_NODES( ).
LOOP AT LT_MARA INTO LS_MARA.
WHEN 4. “normales Material
LS_MARA–EXCEPTION = 3.
WHEN 5. “Sondermaterial
LS_MARA–EXCEPTION = 2.
WHEN 7. “Auslaufendes Material
LS_MARA–EXCEPTION = 1.
move LS_MARA–MATNR TO LV_STRING.
LR_NODE = LR_NODES->ADD_NODE( RELATED_NODE = LV_KEY
RELATIONSHIP = CL_GUI_COLUMN_TREE=>RELAT_FIRST_CHILD
TEXT = LV_STRING ).
LR_NODE->SET_DATA_ROW( ls_mara ).
LR_COLUMNS = LR_SALV_TREE->GET_COLUMNS( ).
LR_COLUMNS->SET_EXCEPTION_COLUMN( VALUE = ‘EXCEPTIONS’ GROUP = 1 ).