Recently I am following the exercise Building SAP Fiori-like UIs with SAPUI5( it is really a fantastic guide 🙂 ) and I meet with trouble in EXERCISE 3 – FORMATTER.


I just copy the source code from the guide:

/wp-content/uploads/2015/01/clipboard1_618097.png

Unfortunately my formatter statusText which is used to format LifecycleStatus in Master page is not called in runtime at all:

/wp-content/uploads/2015/01/clipboard2_618122.png

And to my surprise,the same syntax for date formatter can work perfectly in detail page. Why?

/wp-content/uploads/2015/01/clipboard3_618123.png

Why the formatter for status is not called at all

Since none of other SCNers has complained about this issue, so I assume there must be something wrong in my own code. So I began to debug to compare why formatter for CreatedAt works.

Soon I found out how formatter for CreatedAt works. In the runtime, firstly the raw value of field CreatedAt is fetched from line 22833 and stored in variable oValue, and then passed to its formatter in line 22838.

The “this.fnFormatter” actually points to the formatter scn_exercise.util.Formatter.date defined in my code.


/wp-content/uploads/2015/01/clipboard4_618124.png

However, for the failure case,the framework didn’t recognize any formatter for LifecycleStatus,so my formatter is not called at all.

/wp-content/uploads/2015/01/clipboard5_618125.png

How does framework parse xml view to get metadata such as formatter information

The screenshot below contains a good entry point for xml view parse debugging.The XMLTemplateProcessor-dbg.js contains the implementation to parse xml source code and create UI5 control accordingly.

/wp-content/uploads/2015/01/clipboard6_618126.png

from the callstack we know its method handleChildren, createControls etc is recursively called to handle with  controls defined hierarchically in your xml view.

/wp-content/uploads/2015/01/clipboard7_618127.png

Finally I reached the code below. After line 21082 is executed, the formatter for field CreatedAt will be parsed.


/wp-content/uploads/2015/01/clipboard8_618128.png

I will explain how the reference pointing to my formatter for CreatedAt is parsed via text.

before the for loop, variable oObject points to the global window object, since no context exists in this case.

The first for loop: i = 0, execute line 15162, aNames[0] = “scn_exercise”, so after that oObject now points to window.scn_exercise.

The secondfor loop: i = 1, aNames[1] = util, so after line 15162 oObject points to window.scn_exercise.util.

The third loop: i = 2, aNames[2] = Formatter, so after line 15162 oObject points to window.scn_exercise.util.Formatter


The fourth loop: i = 3, aNames[3] = date, so after line 15162 oObject points to window.scn_exercise.util.Formatter.date.Then quit for loop.

/wp-content/uploads/2015/01/clipboard9_618129.png

why the formatter for Lifecyclestatus is failed to be parsed?

based on the previous analysis on formatter for CreatedAt, we can easily figure out what is wrong.

In the case for Lifecyclestatus,there is no attribute named “util” under window.scn_exercise, instead onlyu a dummy one “Component”.

/wp-content/uploads/2015/01/clipboard10_618130.png


just compare the correct case for CreatedAt,where all our formatters are existing under window.scn_exercise.

/wp-content/uploads/2015/01/clipboard11_618131.png

When the attribute util become available under window.scn_exercise

Since I have defined the usage of formatter implementation in detail view’s controller:

jQuery.sap.require(“scn_exercise.util.Formatter”);

the js file will be downloaded via AJAX and execModule is called on it after a successful download:

/wp-content/uploads/2015/01/clipboard12_618132.png


the js source code is executed via eval:

/wp-content/uploads/2015/01/clipboard13_618133.png

after that the util is available in window.scn_exercise:

/wp-content/uploads/2015/01/clipboard14_618137.png

then finally I find the root cause: I forget to add the following line in my master controller. Once I have added this, the issue is gone.

/wp-content/uploads/2015/01/clipboard15_618138.png

Hope this blog can give you some hint to do trouble shooting by yourself when you meet with the formatter or xml view parse issue 🙂

To report this post you need to login first.

Be the first to leave a comment

You must be Logged on to comment or reply to a post.

Leave a Reply