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In all types of businesses, from the logistic point of view (procurement, maintenance, production,…), there are substances and objects that can’t be used again or recycled and which must be disposed as waste.

Waste management – objectives to fulfill with SAP EHS.

  • Comply with legislation on waste disposal.
  • Manage the waste disposal documents required by law.
  • Provide a representation of internal logistics processes for waste disposal.
  • Show all necessary business processes for waste disposal.
  • Allow control disposal costs and eliminated amounts.
  • Give tools to create reports and perform analysis.

Scenarios

     With or without disposal facilities in the center.

The most common case is that another company manages the waste, and usually is a vendor.

By the other hand, if the company has disposal facilities, it assumes the cost or profit of the waste treatment.

     With or without temporary storage in the center.

From logistic, you can decide to make:

  • Nothing.
  • Inventory Management.
  • Batch Management.
  • Warehouse Management.

MASTER DATA

The Waste Code

Has its own specification category ‘Waste code’ and specification type ‘WASTECODE’, a specification has only the following information, the identifiers:

  • Waste catalog – EWC in Europe.
  • Waste code.
  • Waste code description.

A short property tree for the waste code properties.

The Waste

Each waste in SAP EHS is a combination of:

  • Material.
  • Specification.

     Material

As material, a waste is a non-value material, material type ABF. Is a good recommendation use this material type to separate waste from the rest of the materials.

It contains all the data related with its logistic process:

  • Basic data.
  • Purchasing.

  • General Plant Data / Storage.
  • Warehouse Management.
  • Quality Management.
  • Accounting.
  • Dangerous Goods.

     Specification

It contains the data that characterize the waste

  • Physical-chemical properties.
  • Regulations.
  • Composition.
  • Measures.
  • Toxicology.
  • Management.
  • Waste code.

The partners

The genera

There are four main types of partners:

  • Producer
  • Disposer
  • Transporter
  • Authority

Producer

The part of a company that generate wastes, usually corresponds with aplant, a storage location in plant, a CO object,….

For cost control all producer must have an account assignment.

The producers can be sorted hierarchically, and for legal reasons, at least the upper one must have an authorization number. Producers in the lower part of the hierarchy can inherit this authorization number. And remember that an authorizarion number always has a validity area, because is related to a regional or supraregional legislation. The authorization number is what identifies that a part of the company is allowed to generate one or several types of waste.

A producter can need sometimes a license for the treatment of some wastes.

A producer must have an address.

     Disposer

The responsible of eliminate the waste, if is part of the company can be assigned to a plant, a storage location in a plant, a CO object,…, and if is other company the only scenario covered by the standard SAP is that the disposer is a vendor.

As with the producer, the disposer must have an authorization number, this identifies as a authorized waste disposer, and can be sorted hierarchically.

A disposer must have an address.

     Transporter

The responsible of the transport of the wastr from the producer to the disposer.

As the previous partners must have an authorization number.

A transporter must have an address.

And if the transported wastes are considered dangerous goods may need some kind of license.

     Authority

this partner is required only if you need to put information about the authority in the waste manifest, this is the “printed” form of the disposal document.

Relations between partners and wastes

The best way to show the relation is this picture.

Sin título.png

     Production

All the waste generated

by a producer.

Here you can inform:

  • How often is generated the waste and in which quantity.
  • Who is the contact person.
  • The center and storage location if you are using Inventory Management.
  • A condition type, for example, the waste must be monitored.
  • The day of last check and the person who do it.
  • Why the generation of the waste can’t
  • be avoided.

   

     Disposal

All the waste managed by a disposer.

Here you can inform:

  • How often is delivered the waste to the disposer and in which quantity.
  • Who is the contact person.
  • Recoverability or disposal of the waste (Disposal type).
  • Disposal methods (subdivide disposal type)
  • Disposal procedures or process codes (Subdivide disposal methods)
  • The waste number for this partner (when is an external).
  • Minimum notice period to inform the disposer.

     Transport

All the waste transported by a transporter.

Here you can inform:

  • How often is transported the waste and in which quantity.
  • Who is the contact person.
  • The waste number for this partner (when is an external).

     Disposal Channel

In the link between production and disposal, or between producer, disposer and waste.

Here you can inform:

  • Purchase document – the contract (supported by standard).
  • Sales document – the contract (not supported by standard).

     Waste Approval

One of the cornerstones in waste management, is the waste approval, which is the ‘enviromental’ contract.

Here you can find:

  • The quantity and period in which the company are allowed to deliver a waste to a disposer.
  • The partners involved in the process.  They can be informed here or be inherited from disposal channel.
  • The waste code, this is always decided by the disposer, because each waste needs to be analyzed before the disposal process, to ensure that is the right waste, and isn’t going to ruin the disposal facilities. The type of disposal, the disposal method and process code, and the authorized quantity.
  • The validity period, the dangerous goods regulation to apply.
  • The contract (Purchase or Sales).
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