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Author's profile photo ranga rajan

GS1 Integration – SAP PI 7.1 – PART – I

One day or other you might get a chance to integrate GS1 systems.

That day shouldn’t be challenging for you 🙂 .

This Blog describes as how to exchange/create GS1 understandable messages which will let PI [7.1] to post the GS1 understandable documents and the sample use case for developing the same.

It is much painful at the initial stage to find the correct way of integrating GS1 systems via SAP PI and there is no proper SDN blog or discussions available for the same.

Hence I have shared this information based on my project learning.

It doesn’t contain any step by step for deployment or development  and It describes the how to frame/create/Build the Main GS1 Document XML schema using the available GS1 standard sub schema.

It is for Intermediate PI Consultants.

Hints /Prerequisites:

  • Here I have explained based on GS1 XML Business Message Standards (BMS) V 2.8.
  • The base business document used for this KB is GDSN Price Synchronisation. You can download all the standard sub-schemas using the given link.
  • Get the sample document (here Price) output xml from the GS1 team
  • Any of the The XML editing tool – Here I have used Liquid XML Studio  .
    • You can use any third party XML editing tool like Altova XML Spy or Styus studio  etc.,
  • Developed and compiled java mapping code using J2SE1.5 compiler since PI 7.1 using the older Java compiler.

Overview of GS1

  • GS1 is dedicated to the design and implementation of global standards and solutions to improve the efficiency and visibility of supply and demand chains globally and across sectors. The GS1 system of standards is the most widely used supply chain standards system in the world.
  • GS1 Member Organizations handle all enquiries related to GS1 products, solutions and services.
    • GS1 has close to 40 years’ experience in global standards – see our timeline for more information.
    • GS1 offers a range of standards, services and solutions to fundamentally improve efficiency and visibility of supply and demand chains.
    • GS1 standards are used in multiple sectors and industries.

GS1 XML Business Message Standards (BMS)

GS1 Main XML message consisting of multiple segments/Layers like

  • Transport
  • Service
  • Message
  • Business document

GS1 XML Business Message Architecture


Basically we need to generate the xml in the above consolidated segments which will let us to post GS1 documents successfully.

Sample Use case

Our requirement is to post the Pricing (Add/Update) document to GS1 from ECC via PI.

This is designed as simple Asynchronous Proxy to File scenario.

Initial Steps

In order to build/frame the  GS1 – XML Business Message Architecture based XML output we have to follow the  following steps

Step 1:  

Here I have used V2.8 of GS1- BMS

Once you have downloaded the schemas , unzip it and keep in your local desktop.

The folder structure would be as follows

            For e.g.,


            PriceSynchronisationDocument   schema is under the folder path as  ean.ucc\gdsn


Step 2:  

We may not directly use / import in XI to use as external definition which we have downloaded in earlier step.

We need to adjust\Edit the external definition as follows

Once you have extracted relevant schemas (.xsd) , please open the xsd and check check any relative paths specified as../../.   in the xsd:import  –  schemaLocation.

Remove the relative paths and save.

Note :

You need to check all the schemas before you upload to XI System. Make sure that it has the proper folder path.

Sample :

<xsd:import namespace=”urn:ean.ucc:2″ schemaLocation=”../../ean.ucc/common/Document.xsd”/>

After correction it would be looking like as follows


Note :

Simple xsd import statement ../../ string replacing it’s not sufficient , once we have imported the provided standard schemas, we need to find out the issues in imported external definition ,manually edit and re-import the error-schema and dependent schema . It is applicable wherever you find issue in schema (red lines in External definition ).

Steps to be Performed in ESR

Importing external Definitions

Once you have removed all the relative paths  in standard GS1 Schemas, upload all the XSD using import external definition option from ESR.

In PI 7.1 we have the option to do the mass upload of external definition

  1. Go to Tools –> Import external definition from ESR


Steps to be performed in XML editing tool

Step 1 :

Open the  sample output xml  whihc you have received from the GS1 team for the relevant Business Document

Sample would be as follows


   It has all the GS1 BMS components as mentioned above.

Step 2 : Open the sample GS1 xml using XML tool

Once you import this xml, it will try to load all the corresponding linked schema for validation


Once it got successfully loaded , please click on the infer XSD Schema


It will pop up and ask you  as where to store the generated schema


Select the required folder path and click on finish.

Basically it will generate 4 schemas using the sample xml file as follows


If you open the First Schema in XML tool, in this example it is  GS_Example_ADD0

You can see the schema layout as follows


Now we need to adjust the schema location to actual file path .

Open GS_Example_ADD1 and change the import schema location as follows

<xs:import schemaLocation=”ean.ucc/common/DocumentCommand.xsd” />

<xs:import schemaLocation=”ean.ucc/common/Message.xsd” />

Open GS_Example_ADD2 and change the import schema location as follows

<xs:import schemaLocation=”schemapath/GS_Example_ADD1″ namespace=”urn:ean.ucc:2″ />

<xs:import schemaLocation=”ean.ucc/gdsn/PriceSynchronisationDocument.xsd” namespace=”urn:ean.ucc:gdsn:2″ />

Open GS_Example_ADD3 and change the import schema location as follows

<xs:import schemaLocation=” schemapath /GS_Example_ADD2.xsd” />

Create a folder and zip all the above files. We will call this as “Architecture Schema”.

We have to import this to ESR once you have imported all the standard schemas which you have downloaded in earlier step.

Note :

schemapath  – this is the folder name in which you have zipped the schemas and upload to XI.


In below example Source filed value ean.ucc/gdsn is theschemapath 


This Covers the following

  • Use cases/Building Blocks of GS1 XML Messages
  • Overview of  GS1 XML Business Message Standards (BMS)
  • Sample use case
  • How to build the GS1 Main document schema.

In next blog we are going to see how to use this in ESR to generate the expected GS1 Business Document XML.

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      Author's profile photo Mark Dihiansan
      Mark Dihiansan

      Thank you for this blog! The usual approach for building the complete document was to add the StandardBusinessDocument and the message type together, which can only be accomplished by editing the xsd. Your approach considerably shortens the time needed to implement such a scenario. Good job!



      Author's profile photo ranga rajan
      ranga rajan
      Blog Post Author

      Thanks Mark 🙂



      Author's profile photo Antonio Castelli
      Antonio Castelli

      Hello Ranga,

      first of all thank you for this interesting blog that casts light on the GS1/SAP integration topic, that, as far as I know, is still a misty argument.

      I had the opportunity to work on this in the past months and i followed an apporach very similar to your (import via xsd editing + proxy to file + java mapping).

      For these reasons, I'd like to point out a couple of points of attention about what you reported:

      1. GS1 Business document type dependency: as listed in the schemas repository link you attached there are different BMSs (business message standards) provided by GS1. The approach you used for inferring schema from a sample xml does not completely fit, for example, if applied to the Catalogue Item Synch document type that is quite more complex of the Price Synch one, not only because it is composed from more schema definitions but also because it has an infinite recursion constructs that is not supported from SAP ABAP PROXIES. For these reasons in order to import this kind of structure you still have to "play" with the schemas definition provided by GS1, manually adjust it and construct required interface structure basing on a sample XML.
      2. Problems in external definition import: in order to correctly import the schemas into SAP PI ESR the xsd import statement ../../ string replacing it's, for sure, fundamental BUT it's not enought!                                                                In order to guarantee a puntual recognising and linkage of every xsd (most of all into more complex BMS versions) it's still necessary to perform manual actions. Here after you can see a list of problems arose once i tried to import Price Synch BMS, after replacing "../../ :/wp-content/uploads/2014/06/ss_140612_112325_473743.png



      Author's profile photo ranga rajan
      ranga rajan
      Blog Post Author

      Hi Antonio,

      Thanks for your comments and inputs.

      With respect to ,

      Point 1.GS1 Business document type dependency:   Yes . It requires lot of manual edit in schema to fit the target GS1 requirement and effort to adjust ABAP Server proxy structure. It it ends up with huge mapping effort.

      Point 2.Problems in external definition import:

      Yes . Simple xsd import statement ../../ string replacing it's not enough . Once we have imported the provided standard schemas, we need to find out the issues in imported external definition and manually edit , re-import the error-schema and dependent schema.   Thanks for your point.  I have updated the blog.