Update: Coffee Break with Game Changers on SAP Radio hosted by @ held the second part of the discussion on Automation in Overdrive with guests from MESA, IDC, Deloitte, and myself.
Opening Quotes of today’s shows:
Mike Yost, MESA International: “Governmental initiatives, like Germany’s ‘Industry 4.0’ and US National Network for Manufacturing Innovation, are shining a light on the importance of advanced technologies in manufacturing, but we’re still a long way away from putting the pieces together correctly.”
Kimberly Knickle, IDC Manufacturing Insights: “I was taught that the way of progress was neither swift nor easy.” (Marie Curie)
Jeff Jackson, Deloitte: “We cannot solve our problems with the same thinking we used when we created them.” (Albert Einstein)
Chuck Pharris, SAP: “The future of automation will be a shift from robots replacing humans in jobs to humans working beside robots.”
Listen to the replay:
Part 1 – Feb 4 HERE
Part 2 – Today HERE
Automation has been a part of manufacturing industries for over 30 years. Entire petroleum oil refineries and oil fields are almost fully automated and can be ran from remote locations and even offshore. Robots have found their way into more and more manufacturing in welding, assembly, product inspection, and packaging since the first one, Unimate, went to work at a GM factory in 1961. Now, 90% of robots work in manufacturing, and half are making automobiles. They found their way into the home doing things like vacuuming the floor by themselves. Robotics and automation are considered the future of what is described as the next industrial revolution, Industry 4.0.
We are entering what some consider a golden age of robotics. Some see examples that will make our lives easier. Robots are getting smarter and more capable. In manufacturing, we have traditionally been separated from robots. They either did jobs that were inherently hazardous or they themselves presented a danger to workers, which defined their roles and uses. Rodney Brooks first introduced the vacuum cleaner has now created Baxter, credited with potentially US manufacturing. Baxter is low cost, compared to previous industrial robots, at $25K, but the thing that distinguishes this new class of robots is their ability to learn. They are designed to be flexible enough and interact with humans to train them and work with them. This ability at this cost can really be a game-changer in spite of the fact that making a robot is still, “”.
Along with the low-cost robot at home to clean your house and wait on you while you watch TV, there are potential downsides to this capability. In previous industrial revolutions, the increased productivity has gone disproportionately to capital versus labor. This is a currently distributing trend attributed to growing inequality. The Wall Street Journal says, “Good news…if your job is boring, a robot may take it”. A recent article in the Economist reviewed research that indicates 47% of jobs in America are at high risk of being taken by robots. These are not just assembly line or Amazon jobs either. They are service jobs like you might not previously thought about. Different people speculate which jobs are at greater risk here, here, and here. These include loan officers, receptionists, paralegals, retail salespersons, taxi drivers, security guards, and even your local bartender. In fact, some are considered 100% chance of being replaced:
- Title examiners
- Mathematical technicians
- Insurance underwriters
- Watch repairers
- Tax preparers
The future, however, is far from certain. In Japan, humans are taking back jobs from robots because they can innovate on the job.
I recently had the privilege of participating on an episode of, Coffee Break with Game Changers radio, hosted by Bonnie Graham, with a very distinguished group of people including Mike Yost with MESA, from Deloitte, and Bob Parker at IDC on Automation in Overdrive (replay here). We discussed many of the pros, cons, and challenges of manufacturing trends and the impacts of automation in overdrive. Tune in this week to see who argues the Good, the Bad, or the Ugly.
Join us for the continuation of this discussion…..
We are going to pick the conversation up again this coming week on Wednesday, May 28th, at 9:00 am Eastern. The page to listen will be posted on Monday evening and I will edit this blog, but you can also check on the main radio page http://www.voiceamerica.com/show/1981/coffee-break-with-game-changers.
If you are coming joining us at SAP SAPPHIRENOW in Orlando next week, there are many sessions on related topics of Internet of Things and Industry 4.0. Click on the titles to add to your agenda builder:
Big Data & Analytics
Internet of Things
The Future of Work