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Author's profile photo Saida Reddy Gogireddy

Full Optimization and Light Optimization In Detail.

When you create new environments and models, only a small amount of data exists. Since the amount of data you maintain grows over time, we recommend you periodically run the optimize function to improve performance.

There are two different types of optimization available:

• Light Optimization:

Closes the open request, compresses without Zero-Elimination and indexes the cube, and updates database statistics for the BW InfoCube.

Background (ref SAP 1551154)

  • Is a maintenance process similar to the BW InfoCube performance maintenance tasks of index rebuild, statistics rebuilds, and compression?
  • This process deletes the infocube indexes and moves records from the F to the E fact tables.
  • This process compresses/collapses the records with the same key
  • Additional zero suppression is possible (manually adjusted in process chain)
  • Updates the infocube statistics

How often should it be run? (ref SAP 1508929)

  • There is no set recommendation as to the frequency, however it is generally recommended that these (index/statistics) tasks be executed after the load process to provide satisfactory performance for reporting and input schedule updates.
  • From 1508929 “There is no rule of thumb for how often to run optimizations. The need can vary depending on the characteristics of your hardware environment and your application.”

As best practice:

  1. 1. When new application sets and applications are created run a Full Optimization.
  2. 2. Lite Optimization doesn’t take the system offline, and can be scheduled during normal business activity (e.g. after a data load)
  3. 3. Full Optimization needs the system to be offline so they should be run at down-time periods – for example after a month-end close.

Background (ref SAP 1551154)

  • This process essentially rebuilds the application in its entirety. The process creates a new application and copies the data to the new application.
  • This process is a RESTRUCTURING of the BPC application data model.

• Full Optimization:

Will perform the same operations as Light Optimization, but will also check the NetWeaver BW data model. If the data model can be improved, Full Optimization will do so, and this could take a long time to run (for cubes with large data volumes).

Full Optimization will check whether the data model of the BW Cube is built appropriately. Specifically, it will check:

• Dimension tables have < 20% size of fact table

• As many line item dimensions are used whenever possible If the cube structure can be optimized, then     it will:

• Take Environment Offline

• Create a Shadow Cube with Optimal Data Model

• Move data to shadow cube, delete original cube

• Close Open Request, Compress and Index the Cube, Update Database Statistics

• Bring Environment back online.

Because this is technically going to be new cube, any changes that had been made to (or surrounding) the underlying InfoCubes will be lost, which means that:

• Data Transfer Processes (DTPs) to/from the Cube

• Aggregates or Business Intelligence Accelerator (BIA) Indexes will be lost.

Both optimization options require that the environment is offline.

Be careful running a Full Optimization, since significant system resources are used in the process.

You can choose to perform either a light optimization or a full optimization.

It is possible to execute the optimization online or via Data Management Package

Model Optimization in MS Version.

Data is stored in models on the following levels:

• Real-time (Write Back table): corresponds to the most current data sent to the system using the input forms.

• Short-term (FAC2 table): corresponds to the data created or loaded using the Data Manager packages.

• Long-term (FACT table): corresponds to the FACT table, which offers better performance.

You periodically optimize your models to improve system performance. The optimization options are as follows:

Optimization Options:



Lite Optimize

Clears the real-time data storage and moves data to the

short-term data storage.

This option does not take the system offline.



Clears the real time and short term data storage and moves

data to the long-term data storage.

This option takes the system offline.

Full Optimize

Runs an incremental optimization and processes the




Sums multiple identical entries into a single record.



This option forces a reindex of the database. This option

may take a long time.

For example, you can run Lite Optimize every day, and Incremental Optimize every week.

Caution: When you create a new model, it is best practice to run a full optimization.

Note: You can have an automatic reminder to optimize the model. This reminder appears when you log on to the Planning and Consolidation Administration. You can define the number of records (for example, 50,000 records) to be reached before the reminder appears in the Model Parameters.


BPC410 SAP Business Objects Planning and Consolidation

BPC430 SAP Business Objects Planning and Consolidation

Thanks and Regards,

Saida Reddy.G

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      Author's profile photo CH Raman
      CH Raman

      Please never share other stuff as your blog.

      Any blogs/docs need to post on open or readable format than attachments.

      Author's profile photo Saida Reddy Gogireddy
      Saida Reddy Gogireddy
      Blog Post Author

      Hi Ramanjaneyulu,

      I share as image format,It doesn't  accept the PDF and DOC formats so i uploaded in PNG format.  Any how I modified the document so intimate any correction required.

      Thanks and Regards,

      Saida Reddy.G

      Author's profile photo CH Raman
      CH Raman

      Now its looking fine and easy to read.

      Thanks for modification.

      Author's profile photo Former Member
      Former Member

      Hi Saida

      A good post on a subject close to my heart!

      I would include a word of warning about the Lite Optimise process and how it takes the model out of planning mode.  During this time, it is impossible to save data from input schedules are reads on the cube could return inconsistent results.

      Therefore, you need to be a little careful when schedulling !



      Author's profile photo Ashok Babu Kumili
      Ashok Babu Kumili

      Very usefull info. Thank you.

      Author's profile photo GANAPATHI .

      Nicely documented on optimization concept

      Author's profile photo Former Member
      Former Member

      Nice Document