SAP provided an ASUG webcast on the Internet of Things (IoT) late last month.  Below are my notes.

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Figure 1: Source: SAP

It is the “4th” Industrial Revolution

We still discuss Machine to Machine (M2M); this is a subset of IoT according to speaker

M2M is faster than IoT

IoT is a superset of end to end

The third industrial revolution was the electronic revolution

We’re lead by 4th Industrial Revolution with new technologies in a human environment

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Figure 2: Source: SAP

The speaker said it was a progression, going from an Internet of Content from the 1990’s

Internet of content moved to a wider technology

Internet of content moved to Internet of People – chat, phones, Facebook, Twitter and Tumblr

The next generation is IoT where the devices become smarter – devices talk to each other, smart agents and start make decisions ahead of us

The pace of change is accelerating

There is an explosion of the number of devices connected to Internet.  As an example, cars have Bluetooth built in and remote sensors.  Insurance companies that allow you to upload information to them from their car will give preferential  treatment on insurance and how are hard you break.  Anything you can put a sensor in, pull data from, and connect data to where it needs to be.

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Figure 3: Source: SAP

Figure 3 shows the phases of IoT

Predict changes in the near future

Machines will talk to each other but the sophistication will develop over time

Figure 3 is “speculative”

Devices will be offline and put sensors in them and get smarting with them

Devices will integrate and speak to other in intelligent ways

Actionable stage will be warn us

Last stage is new processes, new businesses

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Figure 4: Source: SAP

McKinsey and other organizations say $5T to $25T impact

It is a major business opportunity affecting impacts of every business

Seeing major investments now in Retail

SAP is looking at areas of businesses that are responsive to technology, such as responsive supply chain (RFID chips as prices are falling)

Smart home with SAP customer in Australia- plug device into controller that monitor usage and go on and off

South Korea is building a “smart city”

Feasible to have smart cars that are driverless, which are legal in California

If you go to dcode you can see the smart vending machines

Look at business processes that will be responsive to technology, such as responsive supply chains, a Google car that drives itself

Cars talk to each other; break at the same time

Smart vending machine that makes recommendations

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Figure 5: Source: SAP

Figure 5 shows the virtual cycle of Monitor, Analyze, Automate

Use internet to reach out to devices for monitoring and bring into existing business processes

Analyze the data from sensors to monitor what is going on at device level

What does this mean? You can fix something before it fails with improved asset utilization.  You can have remote maintenance and service by predicting maintenance conditions. You can detect wear and tear on devices

Connected asset management is being used where the ability for wind turbines to talk to each other and monitor changes to conditions in weather.

See what is happening

The Oil and Gas industry exploration is getting smarter about process of exploration with more sensitive sensors.  With storage you can monitor the usage of resources, pipelines pressure and the impact on each other

IoT is a superset of end to end technology

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Figure 6: Source: SAP

Figure 6 shows IT implications.  We have been hearing a lot about Big data

Speaker was at TDWI Las Vegas.  The big data projects a few years ago were  mostly about customer experience,  sentiment analysis

Companies can buy twitter feed and sold to third parties.  Twitter sells tweets to third parties.  They aggregate tweets and slice and dice it.

IoT will be the “killer app” for big data.

Security will be the number one concern.  It would be easy to take over a business by taking over a sensor and change the values. Security walls will have to reach out to security apps.

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Figure 7: Source: SAP

As sensors and actuators integrate have to realize the devices are not always connected.  Connectivity becomes less reliable.

Logistics companies are embedding SAP technology to collect the data offline and when online feed the data back.

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Figure 8: Source: SAP

New Big Data projects are more about IoT.  It is a dramatic shift in a short space of time, said the speaker.

It is moving from tweets to devices, said the speaker.

If you have a thousand sensors, the amount of data it is creating significant.

One plane can generate TB of data.  The amount of data is astronomical and big data and IoT will merge into a single project.

Look at how information is being handled

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Figure 9: Source: SAP

ESP (event stream processing) will drive the IoT

Understand the difference between data and events and we have a long ways to go to explain the difference.  This is key to the technology you choose.

HANA is a core piece.

SAP doesn’t have an end to end solution but will partner with others to deliver a solution.

SAP said to check updates at sap.com/IoT

HANA, ESP and events will drive IoT

Business process side of SAP is looking at impact of IoT.

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Figure 10: Source: SAP

The delivery mechanism could be any three shown in Figure 10

Cloud makes sense as the data is already in the Internet and rely on the cloud supplier to store the sensor data

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Figure 11: Source: SAP

Figure 11 – there will be major changes in industry and SAP is looking at how it will impact business processes at SAP and customers

How to take next steps and learn

SAP feels it has a suite of technologies designed for IoT projects; filling holes with partners

Question & Answer

Q: Can you site an example where SAP engaged with customer, what did infrastructure look like?

A: Information is still under wraps; they are pilot projects

Q: Does SAP envision IoT data going into BI, ERP or some other dedicated new product?

A: Good question; data will go into an existing infrastructure; not creating new technology; combining technologies at the moment.  SAP will evaluate going forward.

Testing connectivity between CEP and HANA to allow real time analysis

As time goes on may see new classes of technology and including developing new standards

Thinks IoT will be primary driver of new technology going forward.

Q: There is already similar functionality available for machine data collection for Plant Maintenance, as an example.  Is this a possible starting point for further development?

A: Yes; he has seen an early PM IoT where a Facebook page would be created for an assembly line the workers would have a smart phone to post to that FB page information about that device.

Seeing machine data collection for PM and seeing automation of machine.

Major equipment suppliers have sensors on their products and collecting data for those products

Another application to monitor employees in a hospital where employees are caught not washing their hands (privacy).  Another company monitors employees with their corporate badge

Q: Is SAP partnering with others and if so who?

A: Telcos, device manufacturers to pick up this information; working at industry level.

Q: Is there an SAP module providing CEP?

A: Event Stream Processor – a separate processor or buy with HANA

SAP is integrating those two products

Go to sap.com/ESP to download a demo

Related:

Tom Raftery has a weekly Google hangout on Fridays and he often times discusses IoT – see http://greenmonk.net/?s=technology+for+good

See Steve Lucas video at SAP Solutions for the Internet of Things

Lessons Learned from Google’s acquisition of Nest: Is SAP missing an opportunity with hardware start-ups? by Richard Hirsch

SAP’s Steve Lucas is the keynote address later this month at BI 2014 “Creating the Innovation Factory”.  IoT sounds like it will be covered there

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