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This document is in continuation of my second document http://scn.sap.com/docs/DOC-49167 Basics of SAP Standard Cost estimate- understanding costing variant-Part 2 and 3rd in the series

This document explains the Cost Component Structure (CCS) and components assigned to CCS.  Explaining various settings in background as previous part.

Cost Component Structure (CCS)

The cost component structure determines how the results of material costing are updated. The cost component structure groups the costs for each material according to cost component (such as material costs, internal activities, external activities, and overhead). If the material is used in the production of another material, the cost component split (which breaks down the costs according to material costs, internal activities, external activities, overhead, and so forth) remains in the system when the costs are rolled up.

In the cost component split, you also define the following for material costing:

  • Which part of the costs are fixed costs
  • Which costs are costs of goods manufactured and what are sales and administration costs
  • Which costs are relevant for stock valuation, commercial inventory valuation and tax inventory valuation
  • When the cost component structure is assigned to the organizational units, you can specify that two cost component splits are created:

Main cost component split
This is the principal cost component split, meaning that it is used in the standard cost estimate, which can be used to update the material master. The main cost component split can be a cost component split for cost of goods manufactured or a primary cost component split.

Auxiliary cost component split
this can exist in addition to the main cost component split, and is not used in the standard cost estimate. It can be used for analysis purposes, in that it can be displayed with the cost estimate and passed on to Profitability Analysis.

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Step 1 – T Code OKTZ

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Screenshot 1


I have created Z1 and Z2 CCS for our analysis purpose. You can use two cost comp structure for reporting purpose and different reporting need.

Material cost estimates are created in the Product Cost Planning component. Sales order cost estimates and order BOM cost estimates are created in Product Cost by Sales Order component. The cost components separate the results of a cost estimate into raw materials, material overhead, external activities, setup costs, machine costs, labor costs, production costs, and other costs.

  • Display the cost components in the cost estimate

  T code ck13- view of Cost estimate Cost element and cost component like Mat, Labor, OH etc.

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                         Screenshot 2

The above screen shows the distribution of cost as per the Cost component structure

T-code OKTZ

In Cost Center Accounting, the cost component structure determines how the results of the activity price calculation are updated. The cost component structure groups the costs for each activity type of the cost center according to cost components (such as material costs and labor costs). If an internal activity allocation is carried out, the cost component split (which breaks down the costs according to material, labor costs, and so forth) is retained at cost rollup.

If the cost component split is not to be retained, you can create a switching structure for the cost component structure for Cost Center Accounting. In the switching structure, you specify which sender cost component goes into which receiver cost component

See below

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     Screenshot 3

From screenshot 2 you will notice there is a Column called cost element. We get those from settings in Cost component structure setting by assigning cost elements for respective cost component.

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     Screenshot 4

Different Settings in Cost component Structure in see below.

Control

Cost Share- which includes Variable, Fixed and variable Cost

Indicator for Roll up Cost Component

This indicator determines whether the costing results of a cost component are rolled up into the next-highest costing level (cost roll up).

You can specify which cost components are rolled up into the next-highest costing level according to the criteria specific to your organization.

Example

If the sales and administration costs and the cost of goods manufactured are to be costed simultaneously in a costing level, you can proceed as follows:

  • You set this indicator for the cost components identified as the cost of goods manufactured. These costs are rolled up into the next-highest costing level.
  • You do not set this indicator for the cost components identified as sales and administration costs. These costs remain on the costing level on which they were originally calculated.

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     Screenshot 5

Also the filter criteria for itemization are important for example anything which we wanted for statistically analysis purpose we can check not relevant for inventory valuation.Some examples below shows based on the settings how the result will affect. Below screen you will see the cost element separated by the Material, Labor and Overhead as we defined in CCS.

Cost estimate itemization view (T CODE-CK13n)

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     Screenshot 6

Target/Actual Comparison: Cumulative report (T CODE- KKO0), there is additional configuration required in OKKN. You can build your own report using report painter too.The cost components we defined in CCS will flow into these reports based on our section in Report painter.

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Screenshot 7

In this document i tried to explain in a simple manner the use of cost component structure. This is a basic and beginners understanding of cost component structure. In my Next series of documents i will try explaining Costing Sheet,Activity Planning,and Summary of Standard Costing and its integration with production Planning.

Refer next document here-

http://scn.sap.com/docs/DOC-49880- Basics of Standard Costing-Understanding Overhead cost Flow.

Refer to previous Document here-

http://scn.sap.com/docs/DOC-49167 Basics of SAP Standard Cost estimate- understanding costing variant-Part 2

http://scn.sap.com/docs/DOC-48908– Basics of SAP Standard Cost estimate- Understanding the flow of cost settings-Part 1

Best Regards

Hrusikesh Dalai

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50 Comments

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  1. Rajneesh Saxena

    Dear Hrushi

    Very good going. Keep it up and maintain the same pace. I suggest you also to incorporate common problems which we face during whole Co process, may be at the last document of this series.

    Regards

    Rajneesh Saxena

    (0) 
  2. Venkata V

    Dear Hrushikesh,

    Its very helpful. Great work.

    A post on Product Costing will be very useful. Awaiting your further posts.

    Regards,

    Sravan.

    (0) 
    1. Hrusikesh Dalai Post author

      Sravan,

      Thank you for kind words, A post on product costing is already there in five part series in Controlling Space. i will try to summarize at the end of the series.

      BR

      Hrusikesh

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  3. VINOD V

    Hi Hrusikesh,

    Well done. documented & explained nice way. Expecting more from you 🙂

    Keep it up…..

    Thanks & Regards,

    VINOD.V

    (0) 
    1. Hrusikesh Dalai Post author

      Vinod,

      Thank You for your valuable comment and appreciation.

      please refer some more documents of the series here

      Refer next document here-

      http://scn.sap.com/docs/DOC-49880- Basics of Standard Costing-Understanding Overhead cost Flow.

      Refer to previous Document here-

      http://scn.sap.com/docs/DOC-49167Basics of SAP Standard Cost estimate- understanding costing variant-Part 2

      http://scn.sap.com/docs/DOC-48908– Basics of SAP Standard Cost estimate- Understanding the flow of cost settings-Part 1

      BR

      Hrusikesh

      (0) 
    1. Hrusikesh Dalai Post author

      Hello Mr PB Ducharme,

      i am glad you like it and thanks for rating it. It motivates when fellow members appreciates the documents.

      Thanks

      Hrusikesh

      (0) 
  4. Sheryl Perry

    Hrusikesh,
    Today I was handed the responsibility of supporting costing and then asked to make a change.  Your series has become my “How-to Manual”.  It is very succinct yet very thorough.  Having screenshots helps immensely.

    Thank you very much,

    Sheryl P.

    (0) 
    1. Hrusikesh Dalai Post author

      Hello Sheryl,

      Congratulation for your new assignment you will love your new assignment and i am glad this document helped you anyway.

      I appreciate your comment and feedback.

      Thanks

      Hrusikesh

      (0) 
  5. Rudra Prasanna Mohapatra

    Hi Hrusikesh,

    Very nice document . Thanks for sharing . Just a query on Primary Cost Component Structure. Is it that this structure should just contain the primary cost elements?

    In system, it allows to include even secondary cost elements over here? Request you to please throw some light on the same.

    Regards

    Rudra

    (0) 
      1. Rudra Prasanna Mohapatra

        Hi Hrusikesh,

        Thanks for answering my question regarding primary cost component split.

        I was expecting, that this cost component will show just the primary costs, like material components and depreciation (as mentioned in sap documentation.)

        and this would skip the activity costs , that are the secondary costs. But it does not do that and allows all the cost elements, both primary and secondary.

        My question is , what is the significance of the tick . Is it , that this tick is just to remind the configurer to add just the primary cost elements in this cost component split ?waiting for your answer.

        Regards

        Rudra

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        1. Hrusikesh Dalai Post author

          Yes your understanding is correct.I think you kind of know the answer,Significance of the tick is to show  primary cost component split is an alternative way of showing the cost of goods manufactured of a product.


          SAP is a system it will behave the way you want it to behave , SAP  will not stop you from adding secondary cost element to the split but question should be why you wanted to do that? what is the business case?


          Thanks

          Hrusikesh

          (0) 
  6. zhenghao ma

    Thanks Amarendra But if there is some special issue like finish goods ‘s standard cost is variable to output valus ,how can we do it in sap, lst ‘s say 1.JPG

    (0) 

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