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Data Geek Challenge – Analyzing the world of cyberspace, factors that affect it

Cyberspace is a realm of electronic communication. It is the virtual reality where online communication takes place over computer networks in every part of the world; millions of people are using it every minute and every second. But what I’m concerned about is the many questions online I came across pertaining to the factors of a country and how it affects cyberspace; however there was no definite answer to it.


In this blog, I will attempt to find out if there are factors that will affect the amount of cyberspace usage in the country.


So, let’s get started! For performing my analysis on which factors affect the country’s cyberspace usage, I have selected the top 5 countries with the highest percentage of internet users which are:
Iceland, Norway, Netherland, Sweden and Luxembourg.

And the bottom 5 countries with the lowest percentage of internet users which are:

Ethiopia, Democratic Republic of Congo, Guinea, Niger and Sierra Leone


I’ve decided to research on 4 major factors that may affect a country’s cyberspace usage. Without further hesitation, let’s get started with the first factor


1. Education Level
Education is a major component of well-being and is used in the measure of economic development and quality of life, which is a key factor determining    whether a country is a developed, developing, or underdeveloped nation.

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The above charts clearly show that Education Index affects the country’s internet users.  The top 5 countries all have education index of above 0.97, which leads to over 90% internet users. In comparison, the bottom 5 countries have an education index of less than 0.4, resulting in the percentage of internet users being just above 1%.

Let us consider that education is one of the major factors, what other factors play a role in a country’s cyberspace usage?

2. Gross Domestic Product per Capita (GDP per Capita)

Next, let’s take a look at a country’s economy and see whether it plays a significant role. GDP per capita is one of the primary indicators of a country’s economic performance. It is calculated by either adding up everyone’s income during the period or by adding the value of all final goods and services produced in the country during the year. GDP per Capita is sometimes used as an indicator of standard of living as well, with higher GDP per Capita being interpreted as having a higher standard of living.

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From the above visualization, the top 5 countries with the most internet users again have a higher GDP as compared to the bottom 5 countries with less internet users. However, there is no conclusive evidence that a higher GDP is equivalent to a higher percentage of internet users.

As we can see, among the top 5 countries with the most internet users, there is a huge difference in their GDP per Capita. Thus, we can agree only to a certain extent that GDP does play a part in the percentage of internet users.


3.     Population

With that said, let’s move on to population. It is said that you can’t build a country without its population. So let’s take a look and see if a country population affects the percentage of internet users. Population is the total number of people inhabiting in a specific country. A country’s people are like gears for a machine. In order for the machine (country) to progress, a country’s population has a huge impact on the country’s growth.

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By comparing the two charts above, I can see that while Iceland holds the record of having the highest percentage of internet users, it only has a population of around 30,000! It seems like having lesser population would result in a higher percentage of internet users?

The results were unbelievable! I’m surprised that having a larger population does not result in a higher percentage of internet users.

4.     Size of a Country

Would the size of the country be a factor for a higher percentage of internet users?

The size of a country comprises all land and inland water bodies (lakes, reservoirs, river) of a country. The idea is that countries with a larger physical territory are more self-sufficient than smaller countries. Because of a greater territory, the potential access to natural resources and other foundation are higher thus a better economic growth.

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From the charts, it seems like I was wrong that the country’s size will affect the percentage of internet users. Having a larger country like Congo, Niger and so on does not mean a higher percentage of internet users. All the top 5 countries with the higher percentage of internet users couldn’t compare their country’s size against the bottom 5 countries with the lowest internet users.

In conclusion, I would say that I agree to a certain extent that all the mentioned factors play a part in determining the country’s percentage of internet users. No single factor would solely affect the percentage of internet users in a country.  However, it seems that education index plays a more significant role in affecting the percentage of internet users in a country.

In this blog, I have tried analyzing the different factors that affect the percentage of internet users. While performing my analysis I realized another factor I would like to explore which is the total monthly internet views against internet users of a country.

Total monthly internet views refer to the total number of people who use the internet to perform tasks such as browsing of internet, communication, etc.

The analysis I performed earlier on uses percentage of internet users against the population of a country. So for the next part, I’ll attempt to compare the raw number of internet users and their monthly views.

For performing my analysis, I have selected the top 5 countries with the highest number of internet users which are:
China, United States of America, India, Japan and Brazil

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The above column chart shows an impressive visualization, comparing the 2 sets of data. From this chart it clearly shows that China has the highest number of internet users of more than 500,000,000 followed by United States, India, Japan and Brazil. To my surprise, this data shows that although a country may have the highest number of internet users like China, it does not equate to having the most number of monthly views.

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