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Dear Guys,

From Here, I would to share one of my “genius” (the way of my calling that) solutions, which is in the case of when you want to display the feedback (return) messages from BAPI, or you are in the loop, there are some processes going on inside of it, and they will throw exception to you (eg. sy-subrc NE 0). What happen is that if you just use “MESSAGE” statement to display one by one, would be really frustrated that you won’t see full details from those messages (because there are whole bunch of them) and so on, whereby you looking for a system function that can be collecting themselves and display them in a particular of time.  Trust me, those functions is not as abatable as mine.

1. First of all you create a function group. [ I called that ZMESSAGES_DISPLAY]

2. Create a screen as a dialog type, because I’m using ALV to display, from here I won’t to give any details about it.

Here is the main program:

*&Developed by Hai Wang 2013-10-23 last modification

*&+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

*******************************************************************

*   System-defined Include-files.                                 *

*******************************************************************

   INCLUDE LZMESSAGES_DISPLAYTOP.             ” Global Data

   INCLUDE LZMESSAGES_DISPLAYUXX.             ” Function Modules

*******************************************************************

*   User-defined Include-files (if necessary).                    *

*******************************************************************

* INCLUDE LZMESSAGES_DISPLAYF…             ” Subprograms

* INCLUDE LZMESSAGES_DISPLAYO…             ” PBO-Modules

* INCLUDE LZMESSAGES_DISPLAYI…             ” PAI-Modules

INCLUDE LZMESSAGES_DISPLAYO01.

INCLUDE LZMESSAGES_DISPLAYI01.

INCLUDE LZMESSAGES_DISPLAYF01.

3. Lets view the Includes:

*&Developed by Hai Wang 2013-10-23 last modification

*&+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

FUNCTION-POOL ZMESSAGES_DISPLAY.            “MESSAGE-ID ..

TYPES: BEGIN OF t_message,

           object  TYPE string,

           operate TYPE string,

           message(220) TYPE c,

           type TYPE c,

           col(4) TYPE c,

        END OF t_message.

DATA: fm_g_alv TYPE REF TO cl_gui_alv_grid,

       fm_g_con TYPE REF TO cl_gui_custom_container,

       fm_layout TYPE lvc_s_layo,

       fm_fcat TYPE lvc_t_fcat WITH HEADER LINE.

DATA: messages_list TYPE TABLE OF t_message. “Container of the messages

DATA: title TYPE string.   “this surposse to be for displaying the title for the dialog windows, but it doesn’t work

DATA: clear_flag TYPE i.   “a control flag, to tell funcation to clear the list. 

The view of  INCLUDE LZMESSAGES_DISPLAYF01.

*———————————————————————-*

***INCLUDE LZMESSAGES_DISPLAYF01 .

*———————————————————————-*

*&Developed by Hai Wang 2013-10-23 last modification

*&+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

*&———————————————————————*

*&      Form  SETLAYO

*&———————————————————————*

*       text

*———————————————————————-*

*      <–P_LAYOUT  text

*———————————————————————-*

form SETLAYO.

   fm_layout-no_toolbar = ‘X’.

   fm_layout-INFO_FNAME = ‘COL’.

endform.                    ” SETLAYO

*&———————————————————————*

*&      Form  SETFCAT

*&———————————————————————*

*       text

*———————————————————————-*

*      –>P_FCAT  text

*———————————————————————-*

form SETFCAT.

  PERFORM fcat USING‘OBJECT’  1  ‘对象’,

                       ‘OPERATE’ 2  ‘操作’,

                       ‘MESSAGE’ 3  ‘消息’,

                       ‘TYPE’    4  ‘类型’.

endform.                    ” SETFCAT

*&———————————————————————*

*&      Form  FCAT

*&———————————————————————*

*       text

*———————————————————————-*

*  –>  p1        text

*  <–  p2        text

*———————————————————————-*

form FCAT using  fname   TYPE LVC_FNAME

                   col     TYPE LVC_COLPOS

                   seltext TYPE LVC_TXT .

   fm_fcat-FIELDNAME = fname.

   fm_fcat-COL_POS = col.

   fm_fcat-SELTEXT = seltext.

   fm_fcat-COLTEXT = seltext.

   IF seltext = ‘MESSAGE’.

     fm_fcat-outputlen = ‘100’.

   ENDIF.

   APPEND fm_fcat.

endform.                    ” FCAT

The view of  INCLUDE LZMESSAGES_DISPLAYO01.

*———————————————————————-*

***INCLUDE LZMESSAGES_DISPLAYO01 .

*———————————————————————-*

*&Developed by Hai Wang 2013-10-23 last modification

*&+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

*&———————————————————————*

*&      Module  STATUS_1000  OUTPUT

*&———————————————————————*

*       text

*———————————————————————-*

module STATUS_1000 output.

   SET PF-STATUS ‘T_000’.

   SET TITLEBAR title.

endmodule.                 ” STATUS_1000  OUTPUT

*&———————————————————————*

*&      Module  ALV_OUTPUT  OUTPUT

*&———————————————————————*

*       text

*———————————————————————-*

module ALV_OUTPUT output.

   CREATE OBJECT fm_g_con

     EXPORTING

       container_name              = ‘LIST’

       .

   IF sy-subrc <> 0.

    MESSAGE ID SY-MSGID TYPE SY-MSGTY NUMBER SY-MSGNO

              WITH SY-MSGV1 SY-MSGV2 SY-MSGV3 SY-MSGV4.

   ENDIF.

   CREATE OBJECT fm_g_alv

     EXPORTING

       i_parent          = fm_g_con

       .

   IF sy-subrc <> 0.

    MESSAGE ID SY-MSGID TYPE SY-MSGTY NUMBER SY-MSGNO

               WITH SY-MSGV1 SY-MSGV2 SY-MSGV3 SY-MSGV4.

   ENDIF.

   IF fm_g_alv IS BOUND.

     IF fm_layout IS INITIAL AND fm_fcat IS INITIAL.

       PERFORM setlayo .

       PERFORM setfcat .

      ENDIF.

     CALL METHOD fm_g_alv->set_table_for_first_display

       EXPORTING

*        i_buffer_active               =

*        i_bypassing_buffer            =

*        i_consistency_check           =

*        i_structure_name              =

*        is_variant                    =

*        i_save                        =

*        i_default                     = ‘X’

         is_layout                     =  fm_layout

*        is_print                      =

*        it_special_groups             =

*        it_toolbar_excluding          =

*        it_hyperlink                  =

*        it_alv_graphics               =

*        it_except_qinfo               =

*        ir_salv_adapter               =

       CHANGING

         it_outtab                     = messages_list

         it_fieldcatalog               = fm_fcat[]

*        it_sort                       =

*        it_filter                     =

*      EXCEPTIONS

*        invalid_parameter_combination = 1

*        program_error                 = 2

*        too_many_lines                = 3

*        others                        = 4

             .

     IF sy-subrc <> 0.

      MESSAGE ID SY-MSGID TYPE SY-MSGTY NUMBER SY-MSGNO

                 WITH SY-MSGV1 SY-MSGV2 SY-MSGV3 SY-MSGV4.

     ENDIF.

   ENDIF.

endmodule.                 ” ALV_OUTPUT  OUTPUT

The view of  INCLUDE LZMESSAGES_DISPLAYI01.

*———————————————————————-*

***INCLUDE LZMESSAGES_DISPLAYI01 .

*———————————————————————-*

*&Developed by Hai Wang 2013-10-23 last modification

*&+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

*&———————————————————————*

*&      Module  EXIT  INPUT

*&———————————————————————*

*       text

*———————————————————————-*

module EXIT input.

  CALL METHOD fm_g_alv->free.

  CALL METHOD fm_g_con->free.

  LEAVE TO SCREEN 0.

endmodule.                 ” EXIT  INPUT

4. There are two funcation model, one is for collecting messages, another is to display , the following is the code of these two.

For collection:

FUNCTION ZFM_MESSAGE_APPEND.

*”———————————————————————-

*”*”Local interface:

*”  IMPORTING

*”     VALUE(MSGID) TYPE  SYMSGID OPTIONAL

*”     VALUE(MSGNO) TYPE  SYMSGNO OPTIONAL

*”     VALUE(MSGTY) TYPE  SYMSGTY

*”     VALUE(MSGV1) TYPE  SYMSGV OPTIONAL

*”     VALUE(MSGV2) TYPE  SYMSGV OPTIONAL

*”     VALUE(MSGV3) TYPE  SYMSGV OPTIONAL

*”     VALUE(MSGV4) TYPE  SYMSGV OPTIONAL

*”     VALUE(MESSAGE) TYPE  BAPI_MSG OPTIONAL

*”     VALUE(OBJ) TYPE  CHAR10

*”     VALUE(OPERATE) TYPE  CHAR10

*”———————————————————————-

*&Developed by Hai Wang 2013-10-23 last modification

*&+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

DATA: wa_message TYPE t_message,

       buff TYPE string.

wa_message-type = msgty.

IF clear_flag = 1.

    CLEAR: messages_list[],

           clear_flag.

ENDIF.

IF MESSAGE IS INITIAL.

CALL FUNCTION ‘MESSAGE_TEXT_BUILD’

   EXPORTING

     msgid                     = MSGID

     msgnr                     = MSGNO

     MSGV1                     = MSGV1

     MSGV2                     = MSGV2

     MSGV3                     = MSGV3

     MSGV4                     = MSGV4

   IMPORTING

     MESSAGE_TEXT_OUTPUT       = buff

           .

    wa_message-message = buff.

ELSE.

    wa_message-message = message.

ENDIF.

CASE msgty.

   WHEN ‘S’. wa_message-col = ‘C510’.

   WHEN ‘W’OR ‘A’. wa_message-col = ‘C310’.

   WHEN ‘E’.  wa_message-col = ‘C610’.

   WHEN OTHERS.

     wa_message-col = ‘C601’.

ENDCASE.

wa_message-object = obj.

wa_message-operate = operate.

APPEND wa_message TO messages_list.

DELETE ADJACENT DUPLICATES FROM messages_list COMPARING ALL FIELDS.

ENDFUNCTION.

For Display:

FUNCTION ZFM_MESSAGE_DISPLAY_SETUP.

*”———————————————————————-

*”*”Local interface:

*”  IMPORTING

*”     REFERENCE(P_TITLE) TYPE  STRING

*”———————————————————————-

*&Developed by Hai Wang 2013-10-23 last modification

*&+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

DATA: line TYPE i.

   DESCRIBE TABLE messages_list LINES line.

   IF line NE 0.

     TITLE = P_TITLE.

     clear_flag = 1.

     CALL SCREEN 1000 STARTING AT 20 30.

   ENDIF.

ENDFUNCTION.

SAMPLE PROGRAM.


form set_bapi_data.

     LOOP AT it_output WHERE  flag = ‘C510’.

        bapi_vbeln = it_output-vbeln.

        CLEAR ls_ord_header-DLV_BLOCK.

        ls_ord_header_inx-UPDATEFLAG = ‘U’.

        ls_ord_header_inx-DLV_BLOCK = ‘X’.

        PERFORM uploaddata.

     ENDLOOP.

     IF sy-subrc NE 0.

          MESSAGE w000(z_1) WITH ‘操作失误,’ ‘请选定有效订单后,再按’ ‘RELEASE(释放)’ ‘!’.

     ELSE.

*      alv_flag = 1 .

        DATA: buff TYPE string.

*      LOOP AT lt_return WHERE TYPE NE ‘S’. ” Replaced for “LOOP AT lt_return.” Hai Wang 2013-10-21

**& Replace by Hai Wang 2013-10-18

**        APPEND lt_return-message TO logs.

**

**& AS the following

**       MESSAGE ID lt_return-id TYPE ‘I’ NUMBER lt_return-number

**       WITH lt_return-MESSAGE_V1 lt_return-MESSAGE_V2 lt_return-MESSAGE_V3 lt_return-MESSAGE_V4.

*        CONCATENATE buff lt_return-message  INTO buff.

*        MESSAGE buff TYPE ‘I’.

*      ENDLOOP.

*      IF buff is not INITIAL.

*        MESSAGE buff TYPE ‘I’.

*      ENDIF.

*

*      “Added by Hai Wang 2013-10-21

*      IF sy-subrc NE 0.

*        MESSAGE S000(z_1) WITH ‘所选并已释放的订单,’ ‘已成功解锁!’ ” ”.

*      ENDIF.

        CALL FUNCTION ‘ZFM_MESSAGE_DISPLAY_SETUP’

          EXPORTING

            p_title       = ‘订单解锁操作’

                  .

        CLEAR lt_return[].

     ENDIF.

ENDFORM.

form uploadData.

DATA: it_return TYPE TABLE OF bapiret2 WITH HEADER LINE.

     CALL FUNCTION ‘BAPI_SALESORDER_CHANGE’

       EXPORTING

         salesdocument               = bapi_vbeln

         ORDER_HEADER_IN             = ls_ord_header

         order_header_inx            = ls_ord_header_inx

       tables

         return                      = it_return

               .

   READ TABLE it_output WITH KEY vbeln = bapi_vbeln.

*  APPEND LINES OF it_return TO lt_return.

        LOOP AT it_return.

          CALL FUNCTION ‘ZFM_MESSAGE_APPEND’

            EXPORTING

*            MSGID         =

*            MSGNO         =

              msgty         = it_return-type

*            MSGV1         =

*            MSGV2         =

*            MSGV3         =

*            MSGV4         =

              MESSAGE       = it_return-message

              obj           = bapi_vbeln

              operate       = ‘上传’

                    .

        ENDLOOP.

   READ TABLE it_return WITH KEY type = ‘S’  TRANSPORTING NO FIELDS.

   IF sy-subrc <> 0.

        CALL FUNCTION ‘BAPI_TRANSACTION_ROLLBACK’.

        it_output-flag = ‘C601’.

   ELSE.

    CALL FUNCTION ‘BAPI_TRANSACTION_COMMIT’

      EXPORTING

          wait   = ‘x’

      IMPORTING

          return = it_return.

*   APPEND LINES OF it_return TO lt_return.

        LOOP AT it_return.

          CALL FUNCTION ‘ZFM_MESSAGE_APPEND’

            EXPORTING

*            MSGID         =

*            MSGNO         =

              msgty         = it_return-type

*            MSGV1         =

*            MSGV2         =

*            MSGV3         =

*            MSGV4         =

              MESSAGE       = it_return-message

              obj           = bapi_vbeln

              operate       = ‘数据库操作’

                    .

        ENDLOOP.

    READ TABLE it_return WITH KEY type = ‘S’  TRANSPORTING NO FIELDS.

    IF sy-subrc EQ 0.

      it_output-flag = ‘C501’.

    ELSE.

      it_output-flag = ‘C301’.

    ENDIF.

   ENDIF.

   MODIFY TABLE it_output.

endform.


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8 Comments

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  1. Basar Ozgur Kahraman

    Hi Hai Wang,

    Thank you for your exertion.

    In addition,i use function ‘RSCRMBW_DISPLAY_BAPIRET2’ to display bapiret2 tables.You can also use another function ‘C14Z_MESSAGES_SHOW_AS_POPUP‘.

    Regards

    Basar Ozgur

    (0) 
    1. Hai Wang Post author

      Wow, Thanks!  Because I hadn’t found this funcation, so I created one my own instead.  And I still think that system funcations which is for this purpose, are less flexible than mine.

      (0) 
      1. Fabio Pagoti

        Although I have read about the application log long ago, I have never had the opportunity to used it. But no matter what are you trying to show/sell. There should be a demonstration, at least a screenshot. I will never create a ZTEST report to test your code if I have no clue how the result will look like. In the case, I’m a “customer” who is not willing to interpret ABAP code.

        (0) 
  2. Eric Peterson

    Hai Wong,

    It would be far more appropriate to use the application log here.  It is supported by SAP and far more robust.  You can save messages for later and/or display a popup of messages to the user.  And as Basar Ozgur Kahraman suggested, you can use FM RSCRMBW_DISPLAY_BAPIRET2, though that is not released for customer use.

    I’ve learned a lot from the documentation:

    Application Log – Guidelines for Developers (BC-SRV-BAL)

    Best,

    Eric

    (0) 

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