Enterprises running SAP frequently need to update bank routing numbers in FI-BL to ensure their customers and vendors are using valid bank accounts.  Traditionally, this could be done in transaction BAUP if the file were formatted as a Thompson Electronic Payment File.  However, many SAP clients receive periodic routing number files directly from the Federal Reserve or a licensed vendor.  The file format from the Federal Reserve is quite different.  Rather than creating a custom program, you can still use transaction BAUP by following these steps:

  1. Ensure that you have read and understand the latest file layout from the Federal Reserve’s website (http://www.fededirectory.frb.org/format_ACH.cfm).
  2. Copy function module FILL_BNKA_FIELDS_US1 to a custom function module called ZFILL_BNKA_FIELDS_USF.
  3. Delete the code in ZFILL_BNKA_FIELDS_USF and replace with the following:

     FUNCTION ZFILL_BNKA_FIELDS_USF.

*”———————————————————————-

*”*”Local Interface:

*”  IMPORTING

*”     VALUE(I_BANKS) LIKE  BNKA-BANKS

*”     VALUE(I_VERS) LIKE  T005BU-VERS

*”     VALUE(I_XPC) LIKE  RF02B-BANKXFPR

*”     VALUE(I_MAX_REC) LIKE  RFPDO_BF-MAX_REC

*”  EXPORTING

*”     VALUE(CNT_SREADTO) LIKE  RF02B-COUNTER

*”  TABLES

*”      ITAB_BNKA STRUCTURE  BNKA

*”      TAB_FILE STRUCTURE  RLGRAP

*”———————————————————————-

   DATA: LS_BNKA TYPE BNKA,

         LS_BNKA_NEW TYPE BNKA,

         BEGIN OF file_all OCCURS 0, “DEFINE AN OPEN CONTAINER TO PLACE THE RAW DATA

             all(1851) TYPE c,

         END OF file_all,

         BEGIN OF FED_STRUCTURE OCCURS 0, “DEFINE THE FEDERAL RESERVE STRUCTURE

             ROUTING_NUMBER TYPE C LENGTH 9,

             OFFICE_CODE TYPE C LENGTH 1, “THERE IS NOWHERE TO PUT THIS IN BNKA

             SERVICING_FRB_NUMBER TYPE C LENGTH 9,

             RECORD_TYPE_CODE TYPE C LENGTH 1, “THERE IS NOWHERE TO PUT THIS IN BNKA

             CHANGE_DATE TYPE C LENGTH 6, “THERE IS NOWHERE TO PUT THIS IN BNKA

             NEW_ROUTING_NUMBER TYPE C LENGTH 9,

             CUSTOMER_NAME TYPE C LENGTH 36,

             ADDRESS TYPE C LENGTH 36,

             CITY TYPE C LENGTH 20,

             STATE_CODE TYPE C LENGTH 2,

             ZIPCODE TYPE C LENGTH 5,

             ZIPCODE_EXTENSION TYPE C LENGTH 4,

             TELEPHONE_AREA_CODE TYPE C LENGTH 3,

             TELEPHONE_PREFIX_NUMBER TYPE C LENGTH 3,

             TELEPHONE_SUFFIX_NUMBER TYPE C LENGTH 4,

             INSTITUTION_STATUS_CODE TYPE C LENGTH 1, “THERE IS NOWHERE TO PUT THIS IN BNKA

             DATA_VIEW_CODE TYPE C LENGTH 1, “THERE IS NOWHERE TO PUT THIS IN BNKA

             FILLER TYPE C LENGTH 5,

         END OF FED_STRUCTURE.

   CALL FUNCTION ‘UPLOAD_FILES’ “********* Upload datafile *****************************

     EXPORTING

       i_filetype = ‘ASC’

       i_xpc      = i_xpc

     TABLES

       file_all   = file_all

       tab_file   = tab_file

     EXCEPTIONS

       error_file = 1

       OTHERS     = 2.

   IF sysubrc <> 0.

     MESSAGE ID symsgid TYPE symsgty NUMBER symsgno WITH symsgv1 symsgv2 symsgv3 symsgv4.

   ENDIF.

   FED_STRUCTURE[] = file_all[].

   SORT FED_STRUCTURE BY ROUTING_NUMBER.

   LOOP AT FED_STRUCTURE.

     CLEAR: LS_BNKA, LS_BNKA_NEW.

     CNT_SREADTO = CNT_SREADTO + 1. “counter of total records

     IF i_max_rec NE 99999 AND CNT_SREADTO GT i_max_rec. “Exit loop if number of record greater than MAX_REC

       CNT_SREADTO = CNT_SREADTO 1.

       EXIT.

     ENDIF.

     READ TABLE ITAB_BNKA WITH KEY BANKL = FED_STRUCTUREROUTING_NUMBER. “* Just one bank with the same Routing Number

     CHECK SYSUBRC NE 0.

     LS_BNKABANKL = FED_STRUCTUREROUTING_NUMBER.

     LS_BNKABNKLZ = FED_STRUCTURESERVICING_FRB_NUMBER.

     LS_BNKABANKA = FED_STRUCTURECUSTOMER_NAME.

     LS_BNKASTRAS = FED_STRUCTUREADDRESS.

     CONCATENATE FED_STRUCTUREZIPCODE FED_STRUCTURECITY INTO LS_BNKAORT01 SEPARATED BY SPACE.

     LS_BNKAPROVZ = FED_STRUCTURESTATE_CODE.

     IF FED_STRUCTURE-NEW_ROUTING_NUMBER <> ‘000000000’. “IF THE CURRENT ROUTING NUMBER IS BEING CHANGED TO A NEW ROUTING NUMBER

*      LS_BNKA-LOEVM = ‘X’. “SET THE DELETION INDICATOR FOR THE CURRENT ROUTING NUMBER

       MOVE-CORRESPONDING LS_BNKA TO LS_BNKA_NEW.

       LS_BNKA_NEWBANKL = FED_STRUCTURENEW_ROUTING_NUMBER.

       APPEND LS_BNKA_NEW TO ITAB_BNKA.

     ENDIF.

     APPEND LS_BNKA TO ITAB_BNKA.

   ENDLOOP.

ENDFUNCTION.

   4. In the IMG (transaction SPRO), navigate to Cross-Application Components > Bank Directory > Bank Directory Data Transfer > Define File Formats for         Country-Specific Bank Directories add the following entry:

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Now you can select this file format in transaction BAUP and load the Federal Reserve file with no issues.

Jon Gilman is the founder of Clear Software, a company focused on providing highly intuitive, cloud-based accounting applications that transform traditional back-office processes into an efficient and enjoyable user experience. Their main product is ClearUI, a cloud application that exposes SAP’s Contract Accounting (FI-CA) functionality in a simple and easy-to-use format. It is seamlessly integrated with SAP’s industry solutions for high volume billing including insurance (FS-CD), public sector (PS-CD), utilities (IS-U), and media (RM-CA).  For more information, visit www.clearsoftware.com.

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