Standardization is a key aspect of SAP BW Layered, Scalable Architecture (LSA), SAP’s best practice in Enterprise Data Warehousing. One of the ways to realize standardization in the data staging process is using Data Flow Templates.
SAP BW release 7.3 introduced a new modeling object called Data Flow. A Data Flow acts as a container for storing the data modeling objects of a data flow, e.g. InfoProviders, Transformations, DTPs, etc. It can also be used to incorporate documentation belonging to its data modeling objects. Furthermore, it’s possible to define customized / tailor-made Data Flow Templates to facilitate standardization of data flow patterns in the context of your SAP BW implementation and architecture guidelines. Please refer to SAP Help for more information on Graphical Modeling, Data Flows and Data Flow Templates.
In this blog I would like to discuss standardizing data flow patterns using Data Flow Templates, creating new Data Flows based on such a Data Flow Template and the advantages of this approach.
Data Flow Templates
The purpose of Data Flow Template is standardization of data flow patterns. Every Data Flow should be based on a Data Flow Template. From an architecture point-of-view, any deviation from Data Flow Templates should be justified and motivated. It can potentially identify the need for an additional Data Flow Template, to be decided upon by the responsible person or team.
An example of a Data Flow Template can be found in the next screenshot.
Figure 1: Example of Data Flow Template
The data modeling objects are represented by the blocks. These blocks act as place holders for the future data modeling objects which can either be created from scratch or reused as an already existing object. The technical name gives an implementing hint for the proper naming convention to be applied.
You can also store documentation. In the context of Data Flow Templates, you can find here modeling tips and procedural aspects.
The following screenshot shows an LSA compliant example implementation with Data Flow Templates Please note a strict segregation between Data Warehouse Layer and Data Mart Layer.
Figure 2: Data Flow Templates
You create a new Data Flow in an appropriate InfoArea. Here you will see a blank canvas where you have to insert a Data Flow Template.
Figure 3: Create new Data Flow
All data modeling objects of the Data Flow Template are copied into the new Data Flow as place holders. From here you can either create the data modeling objects from scratch or reuse already existing data modeling objects.
Figure 4: New Data Flow with place holders
At any point in time you can use the function Complete Data Flow to add already existing additional objects, such as DTPs, Transformations and InfoPackages. This is usually also necessary for SPO to complete the Data Flow with all objects related to the SPO.
Figure 5: Complete Data Flow
You can complete the Data Flow in an incremental way until it’s finished. Don’t forget to add any interesting or crucial support information using the documentation feature.
Figure 6: Incremental completion of Data Flow
In this blog I presented a way to facilitating your (Enterprise) Data Warehouse Architecture by standardizing data flow patterns using Data Flow Templates. In my opinion it’s easy to use but very powerful functionality. I can highly recommend using Data Flow Templates in order to not only increase standardization of data flow patterns but also to provide guided implementation with documentation of necessary steps and naming convention hints. Furthermore, Data Flows can help reducing the need for a complex InfoArea and Application Component Hierarchy. Another benefit is the documentation feature to incorporate on-line documentation of your Data Flows. Last but not least, Data Flows offer a great help in collecting the right data modeling objects using the Transport Connection.