I made a simple analysis using SAP Lumira to help everyone know about the potential of various states in India for producing energy from renewable resources.
Renewable energy is energy that comes from resources which are continually replenished such as sunlight, wind, rain, tides, waves and geothermal heat. The share of renewables in electricity generation is around 19%, with 16% of electricity coming from hydroelectricity and 3% from new renewable. New renewables include small hydro, modern biomass, wind, solar, geothermal, and biofuels.
India is blessed with an abundance of sunlight, water and biomass. Vigorous efforts during the past two decades are now bearing fruit as people in all walks of life are more aware of the benefits of renewable energy, especially decentralized energy where required in villages and in urban or semi-urban centers. India has the world’s largest program for renewable energy.
I got the apt dataset as shown below for analysing state wise potential of various renewable energy resources in India from http://data.gov.in/
Renewable energy has become an important and essential part of energy production industry. With the depletion of primary energy resources at an extensive rate , renewable energy resources are an angel in disguise 🙂 .
My analysis would positively help to answer the following questions:
- What is the total potential of various states in India with respect to the production of energy from renewable resources ?
- Which states have maximum production of energy from different renewable energy resources ?
- What is the total state wise installed capacity of renewable energy production systems for 2010-11 and 2011-12 ?
- What is the approximate change in energy produced from renewable resources in KW from 2010-11 and 2011-12 ?
- What is the approximate change in the number of installed renewable energy systems from 2010-11 and 2011-12 ?
SAP Lumira helped me to find the answers to the above questions with its apt visual display.
1. Total state wise potential of energy production from renewable resources
The above pie chart shows the state wise potential of various states in India distinguished by different colors.
Amongst all the states in India , Gujarat has the highest potential for producing energy from renewable resources which is clearly evident from the above tag cloud of SAP Lumira.
This can also be visualized using geographic representation of India .
2. Comparison between states in India with respect to potential of various renewable energy resources
With various states in India , every state has different capacity of producing energy from small hydro power projects , bagasse cogeneration , biomass , waste etc. We will now compare different states considering these sources.
Considering small hydro power sources , we get to know that Karnataka has highest production of production of energy followed by Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand using Tree Map of SAP Lumira.
Hydropower or water power is power derived from the energy of falling water and running water.
Small Hydro Power (MW)
Next we will take energy produced from bagasse into account. Bagasse is the fibrous matter that remains after sugarcane or sorghum stalks are crushed to extract their juice.
Using Donut Pie Chart of SAP Lumira, we can see that Maharashtra and Uttar Pradesh have contributed maximum ie 25% each followed by Karnataka and Tamil Nadu ie 9% each.
Bio-Energy – Bagasse Cogeneration (MW)
Next , one of the largest contributors to producing energy , is Biomass. Biomass is biological material derived from living, or recently living organisms. It most often refers to plants or plant-derived materials.
In this , Punjab leads from front with largest production of energy using biomass followed by Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh.
Bio-Energy – Biomass Power (MW)
Now we will consider , waste as a source of energy production . Waste production will never stop till there is existence of mankind .So transforming this into energy is a wonderful concept 🙂 .
In this again , Maharashtra leads followed by Uttar Pradesh . Energy generation from waste should be encouraged worldwide which would not only give us energy for usage but would also take care of waste produce.
Recently, as reported in a daily newspaper , one country fall short of waste for producing energy and had to import waste from neighboring country.
Bio-Energy – Waste to Energy (MW)
3. Total energy produced from renewable resources between 2010-11 and 2011-12
For year 2010-11
For year 2011-12
The above charts show us the number of systems installed for renewable energy production and the actual amount of renewable energy produced from them between 2010-11 and 2011-12.Here, for both above charts, pink lines signify number of systems installed for renewable energy production and blue lines signify actual energy produced in KW.
From the above charts it is evident that very few states have used the installed systems to its optimum level.
4. Comparison between energy produced from renewable resources in KW in 2010-11 and 2011-12
In above chart , pink lines signify 2011-12 production and blue lines signify 2010-11 production of energy from renewable resources. We can understand that in few states the production has gone up in 2011-12 whereas in many others the production has gone below as compared to the previous year 2010-11 .
5. Comparison between the number of installed systems for producing energy from renewable resources in 2010-11 and 2011-12
In above chart , blue lines signify number of systems installed in 2010-11 and green lines signify number of systems installed in 2011-12. For this, the number of system installation has remained more or less consistent for most of the states.
Out of all the states , Gujarat has the highest potential in total for producing energy from renewable resources and so far it has also produced highest amount of energy from the same. It should however be noted that even though all the states have produced considerable amount of energy from renewable resources in the past few years, it has not been to its maximum limit. It is less than the actual capacity withheld by all the states in India.
The technology of renewable energy production being a boon to the environment should be used to its optimum level. This can save the rapidly depleting sources of energy and also the environment 🙂 .
Thanks to SAP Lumira , completing my analysis became a lot more easier. I hope this analysis using SAP Lumira would help the government and people of India in focusing on this aspect of energy production from renewable resources 🙂 .