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India is an agrarian country with around 60% of its people depending directly or indirectly upon agriculture. Agriculture in India is often attributed as gambling with monsoons because of its almost exclusive dependency on precipitation from monsoons. The failure of these monsoons can lead to a series of droughts, lack of better prices, and exploitation of the farmers by middlemen, all of which have led to a series of suicides committed by farmers across India.

I have used SAP Lumira for the first time to analyze the Farmer Suicides in India.

I got the data from NCRB(National Crime Records Bureau) http://ncrb.nic.in/ by searching the previous year suicide records available at: http://ncrb.nic.in/adsi/main.htm

I saved the data in excel sheet and loaded it to SAP Lumira.

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After loading the data I have created the necessary measures.

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Year Wise Analysis:

Below are the Year Wise analysis of Farmer Suicides from 1999 to 2011 in different Age groups.

Column Chart:
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Line Chart:

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From the above 2 charts we can observe that the number of Farmers committing suicides in Age group 30-44 Years are more than other Age Groups. However the sad thing is children below age 14 years also committing suicides!

Are children (below age 14 years, who don’t know what life is) really committing suicides? I don’t call it a suicide rather it is a murder. Also the reason for Female farmer suicides and Children Suicides (Murder) are the inability or the fear of survival with out the Breadwinner!

Gender Wise Analysis:

Column Chart:

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3D Column Chart:

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Line Chart:

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From the above charts we can observe that the number of Male Farmers committing suicides are more that the number of Female Farmers.

State Wise Analysis:

Here I have chosen the big 5 states for analysis as more that 51% of Farmers committing suicides are from these states.

Line Chart:

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3D Line Chart:

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Geo Chart:

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      * Madhya Pradesh = Madhya Pradesh + Chattishgarh ( Chattishgarh was partitioned from Madhya Pradesh in the year 2000)

Pie Chart:

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From the above charts we can observe that the number of Farmers committing suicides is more in Maharashtra state.

Also we can observe most of the Farmer suicides happening in the Cotton growing States.

Indebtedness is the major reason behind the farmer suicides. The number of farmers committing suicides in Andhra Pradesh has slightly reduced from 2005 as the Andhra Pradesh State Government has cleared the Agriculture loans of farmers.

Usually, a farmer is the only earning member in his family; his death leaves his family in destitution. Government should take enough measures to prevent suicides of farmers. If the issue remains unaddressed it is a large possibility that India would soon emerge as a food deficient country.

Finishing:

It took just10 minutes to analyze the above data using SAP Lumira. SAP Lumira is one of the most simple and powerful tool I have ever used for analyzing and predicting data in different ways.

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19 Comments

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  1. Jason Lax

    It’s a sad and frustrating topic yet using graphics like this to highlight significant social issues can be very powerful.  I think I would have liked to see narrower age sets: 14 years seems to broad.

    I wonder if there’s a way to correlate this data with education rates and other indicators that are influenced by local governments?

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    1. Kiran Kumar Valluru Post author

      Thank you Jason!

      I wonder if there’s a way to correlate this data with education rates and other indicators that are influenced by local governments?

      Yes. But no direct relational data available. We can show in separate graphs indicating that the rise in literacy rate corresponds to a decrease in the number of suicides. Yet there are so many other factors like monsoons, power, water, providing good quality seeds… etc.,

      Local Government should take enough measures to reduce the rate of farmer suicides like providing Power, Low rate interests on debts and good quality seeds/ fertilizers/ pesticides etc.,

      When there is a loss in crop production, farmers won’t think that Life is Important and Life of Persons who depend on them is more important!. They just fear of survival and indebtedness and commit suicides ( some times total family ).

      If the Government provides some support to those families this rate of farmer suicides will reduce.

      Regards,

      Kiran

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      1. Jason Lax

        There are many factors and there’s no single solution to this problem: the power of visual analytics is that anyone can see the correlation between data and grasp how the factors affect one another +/-. This helps those in charge make more effective decisions on where to allocation resources on activities they can control, such as improving literacy, training on better farming practices, providing better materials and making low interest rate loans available.

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        1. Kiran Kumar Valluru Post author

          Yes Jason. Well Said! But the sad thing is, the ministers don’t care about these and they just care about filling up their pockets!

          If they use the power of visual analytics and try to show little care about people as you said, a huge change can be seen!

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  2. Janarthanan Elangovan

    Hi Kiran,

    Thanks for sharing this article, very good analysis,

    Government should take enough measures to prevent suicides of farmers. If the issue remains unaddressed it is a large possibility that India would soon emerge as a food deficient country.

    its true and sad one…!

    Best Regards,

    Jana

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  3. Suseelan Hari

    Hi Kiran,

    Good Day!

    Very nice blog! Valuable information!

    Keep posting good info like this. It will helps us to understand the exact info.

    Have a nice day!

    Regards,

    Hari Suseelan

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