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1. Introduction – describing the process if SAP HCM in Russia Implementation.


I will describe in this case study the prerequsites and steps in order to implement SAP HCM functionality (OM, PA, TM, PY -modules)  on SAP HCM ECC 6.00 applicable for Russian client requirements.

If you are planning to implement or roll-out your HR Global Solution in  Russia, I recommend to read this article before  project estimation and implementation.
Russian SAP HCM  Solution is very  complex and requires a deep knowledge of Russian conditions and law peculiarities.  In order to understand immediately the depth of  solution complexity is enough to open  section for the Russian Payroll customizing 
IMG-> Payroll-> Payroll: Russia:

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Image1

I can mark that only one scheme of Russian Payroll driver – RUS0  is about 4810 lines of code. The typical Wage type catalog consists of round  1100 Wage types.
Before implementation  you also should  know that in Russia it is very strict regulation for document flow: orders , reporting to official authorities should be  in paper  and some of reporting should be uploaded in .xml format.

In Russian Solution you also should maintain a lot of Official Dictionaries, like OKPDTR, OKSO, Military Catalog,  KLADR  etc.

2. Prerequisites for RU- Implementation


There are the following mandatory requirements for the system that needs to be done, before the implementation in order to save your time and budget:

2.1. Installed Russian Language

Before the implementation it is obsolete to install   the Russian language in the system, because orders and reports should be generated only in Russian language and Information for it should be put on Russian.
Name of Object such as Positions, Job and Organizational units should be kept in Russian in IT 1000  Object and  IT 1002 Description and information also is input  for personal data in the IT 0002, 0016, 0022, 0290, 0294,0296, 0298

2.2. Check Licenses for  Adobe Document Services Credentials , which  are required  for Adobe interactive forms .

Most standard RU-forms and RU-orders for Russia were realized in .PDF format  on base of Adobe Interactive forms, which require licenses for the Adobe Document Services Credentials. If the license is absent, you will not be able to run the forms and orders. These links help you:

https://service.sap.com/sap/support/notes/944221
 
https://www.sdn.sap.com/irj/sdn/weblogs … xdepth%3D0

Installing Adobe Document Services Credentials:
http://www.sdn.sap.com/irj/scn/go/portal/prtroot/docs/library/uuid/39ce42e6-0401-0010-df96-e28d39742611
http://www.sdn.sap.com/irj/sdn/go/portal/prtroot/docs/library/uuid/70aa75cc-6ac3-2910-c78c-ade192ec861e

2.3. Patch Levels


Before the implementation  you need also  to install  the latest Service Packs(SP), as in the past two years were greatly changes  the in Russian Law , e.g. Sick Leave payments  and Taxation. If you do not want to affect other countries by installing anew version of SP in your  global system, then install the latest SP  specially for Russia – Sub component SAP_HRCRU of SAP_HR – SAP_HRCRU. If you already have EHP4, I advise you to upgrade to EHP 5, thus you get a variety of reports on business trips, as well as improve the handling of Absence Quotas, and get improvements for Concurrent employment. In this case also you should check the activation of business function  HCM_LOC_CI_01, 02 and HCM_LOC_CI_19.

3. Organizational Management(OM)  Issues


3.1. Organizational Management Customizing

Generally the  Organizational management customizing  is typical as  for other countries. Features for Russian Solution are storing long names in the IT 1002 Description in order to output it in the orders and reports and maintaining Objects of working conditions. If you will implement EHP5 , so you can maintain a new Object OR Legal entity  for which is maintained IT 1655 legal  details which contained legal details for organization.

3.2. Organizational Management Customizing


If we speaking about Long names of positions and organizational units( the full name can be more than 150 Symbols), usually  the data for long names of objects is maintained for such Objects of  Organizational management like as the Position( S), Job ( C) and Organizational units (O) in the IT 1002 Description Subtype 0001 General Description  or make a copy of this subtype ( than put in table T7RURPTCST00 parameter  OBJLONGNAMES SUBTY XXXX , where XXXX is the number of  customer subtype )

The next requirement for Russia  is the maintenance of  OKPDTR Dictionary  (Russian National Classification of Occupations of Employees, Positions of Civil Servants and Wage Category), which consists of two sections – the profession of workers and office employees. This Dictionary  is loaded onto an Object  – Job (C).   in the IT 1000 Object  which  has 12-digit code and in IT 1002 Description –  full name of the profession. Loading is carried out via LSMW.

Special Russian objects – Objects working conditions are maintained In the Organizational Management :

    • Regional condition – CR
    • Hazardous condition – CH
    • Special – long service condition – CL
    • Special – calculated seniority condition –CT

These objects allow to  carry out  the calculation of seniority for these working conditions and than proceed it in the  Payroll and finally get  reporting for  the Pension fund of the Russian Federation. For these objects are maintained  IT 1000 Object on which the code of the working conditions is stored and long name is stored  in the IT 1002 Description. Further it will be created relationships in IT1001 Relationships with object Position or Job.

3.3. Reporting (OM):

3.3.1. Staff List (Form T-3)

Form T-3 is official unified form, which is necessary for the formation of  staffing list of the company.  Organizational units, Positions , Amount of salaries and allowances are introduced in this form.

At the enterprises are also developing  Staffing list , which is contained Names of employees, who  occupying staff positions or another position and which position are vacant  .

The customizing is made to the following path IMG-> Payroll-> Payroll: Russia-> Reporting-> Organizational Management-> Staff List (Form T-3).


3.4. Data Migration of Organizational Management (OM)

Data Migration for OM is provided by means of LSMW, it is  requires an additional upload  the Russian names of objects in IT 1000 and IT1002  .

3.4.1. Upload the OKPDTR Dictionary
Prepared dictionary  is loaded via LSMW object 777 through transaction PP02 for an object Job (C)

3.4.2. Loading working conditions.
The program HRUULSP1 is used to download the working conditions ( IMG-> Payroll-> Payroll: Russia-> Reporting-> Pension Insurance-> Pension Calculation for Special Working Conditions-> Upload Catalogs for Working -there is a help notes for this program).

4. Personnel Administration (PA) Issues

In the Russian part of Personnel Administration  is required to provide  a serious customizing  of info-types and action, as well as the   seniority calculation for employee and Personal  Orders and Forms.

In the end of Personnel Action , it is  creates a SAP HCM RU info type 0298 Personnel Orders (CIS), through which we get Personal orders for the employee (e.g. Order T-1 Hiring , Order T-8 , Termination order as well as employment contracts and supplementary agreements to them).

Info-types is adapted to correctly output the screen parts relating to the Russian data. Screen- 2033 is used for RU-infotypes.

The Russian employer   must keep records of employee seniority, the most common types of experience are  General seniority, Seniority for insurance, Job  seniority and Company  seniority (there are  also seniority for regional and hazardous working  conditions).
The common forms in RU-Personnel Administration  are Personal Orders ( t-1, T5, T-6, T8, T-11) and Forms T-2 – Employee Personal card  and T-7 – Vacation balance  are

4.1. Personnel Administration (PA) Issues Customizing

4.1.1. Customizing of Infotypes:

4.1.1.1. Names on Russian in IT0002 Personal Data

IT 0002 Personal data should be customized  to output fields  for the employee name in Russian. It  should be customized fields P0002-LNAMR, P0002-FNAMR, P0002-NAME2  and check its priority in table V_T522N fo outputting in the  reporting .
Also in this infotype is defined Citizenship of employee, which then affects on Payroll calculation.

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Image 2 . IT0002 Personal Data

4.1.1.2. IT0006 Address 

For this info type 0006  is required to download  the  K LADR – Russian Classification of Addressees Data.  Classification is the official address of the Russian Federation. This dictionary is used to input information to the addresses , which  is will be required for the preparation of personalized reports and 2NDFL form .  If you enter the address data, it  is searched for matches  in this dictionary.  To upload in the system  the  KLADR it is   used  the program HRUUKLADRLOAD.  To download the latest version, please visit site of GNIVTS FTS  RU (http://www.gnivc.ru/inf_provision/classifiers_reference/kladr/)

The most common addresses are –    Home Address, Secondary Address , Birthday place ( required for reporting)

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Image 3 . IT0006 Personal Data

4.1.1.3. IT 0016 Contract Elements

This international Info-type  has been enhanced , and now, when you create a contract, it  is automatically generated number of the contract employee. To customize automatic numbering  of   Contracts and Supplementation Agreements follow to this patch  IMG_>Personnel Management-> Personnel Administration-> Personal Data-> Russian-Specific Settings->  Employment Details-> Automatic Numbering for Contracts.

Also if you put in this infotype in Time limits Probation period it will be automatically created IT0019 Monitoring of Tasks with Term of Probation period

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Image 4 . IT0016 Contract Elements

4.1.1.4. Customizing IT0022 Education

In this infotype you should to upload Dictionary  OKSO – National Classification of specialties according to education , as well as educational institutions, which are maintained in TableT7RUSCHOOL or you can input it directly in infotypes , If  it is activated parameter and value INSERT_SCHOOL – for report MP002200 in table T7RURPTCST00.

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Image 5 . IT0022 Education

4.1.1.5. Customizing of IT 0024 Qualifications

In the info-type 0024 Qualifications are stored the data for language proficiency. Group of foreign language qualifications QK define in the  transaction OOQA  and than create  qualification Q for foreign languages. To enabling integration to display Qualification in   IT0024 put in table T77S0 –PLOGI QUALI A032 Q Integration switch for qualifications

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Image 6. IT 0024 Qualification

4.1.1.6. Customizing subtypes of IT 0290 Documents and Certificates (CIS)

In the info-type 0290 Documents and Certificates (CIS) is stored information about on identification documents, documents for Tax priviledges, etc.

The commonly used subtypes of IT0290 Documents and Certificates (CIS)

03             Birth Certificate

04             Military Officer’s ID Card

06             Minmorflot Passport

07             Military Card

09             Diplomatic Passport of RF Citizen

10              Foreign passport

11               Immigrant Certificate

14              Temporary ID Card of RF Citizen

21               Passport of RF Citizen

22              Travel Passport of RF Citizen

26              Sailor’s Passport

27              Discharged Mil. Officer’s Certificate

28              Driver’s License

801           Tax Payer ID Card

802           Pension Insurance Certificate

803           Notice of Right to Tax Remission (RE)

To customize IT0290 0290 Documents and Certificates (CIS) follow to this patch  IMG->Personnel Management->Personnel Administration->Personal Data->Russian-Specific Settings->Documents and Certificates . 

In most cases, the subtype  07 Military Card is customized , information for this the military dictionary  in this subtype should be input  in  table V_T7RUM0.

For several subtypes  you need to prioritize the their date output for reporting in  table V_T7RU0290PRIOR for groups of documents:

  • HA-Notice of Right to Tax Remission (Real Estate),
  • IC-Identity card for tax accounts,
  • IN-INN,
  • LC-Passport/ID Card Data for Employment Contract,
  • ML – Military card,
  • ND-Document confirming non-resident status,
  • PC-PFR card,
  • PS PFR card (special codes),
  • RD-Document confirming resident status,
  • TA-Tax accounts

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Image 7. IT 00290 Documents and Certificates (CIS) Subtype 07 Military Card

4.1.1.7. Customizing of IT0294 Employment Book (RU)

Under the seniority  it is assumed   the total duration of employment (work, education ) and other socially useful activities, such as paid and not paid activity . Seniority, as a special measure of the value of work, has a quantitative and qualitative characteristics. Quantitative characteristic of seniority is  the duration, the qualitative characteristics reflects the nature and conditions under which the work activity takes place (harmful working conditions, North area , etc.). Influence both on the Sick leave calculation , and on allowances  for work in different working conditions.

Basic settings:

For It 0294 Output customizing:

Personnel Management-> Personnel Administration-> Personal Data->Russian-Specific Settings->Employment Details-> Employment Book and Working Conditions->Determine Types of Labor and Other Activities

For Seniority calculation customizing:

IMG->Personnel Management-> Personnel Administration-> Evaluation Basis-> Calculation of Employment Period

1.On the first step  is to configure Selection Rule.

1.1 Define Selection Criteria for Infotypes (It’s recommend to take data from the IT 0294)

(Table V_T525A_A  and V_T525Z)

1.2. Define Selection Exit:One way to select data in the Selection rule . Contains a functional module that selects data from infotypes  for IT 0294 Employment Book (CIS), in this case choose a program RUWB  (T525V)

2. Define  Selection Class . It is Combines one or more selection rules. (T525NT)

3. Define Valuation Model – Combines one or more Selection Classes

3.1 Sets for each Selection Classes  a weighting factor and sets  for the Selection Classes  limits (V_T525L)

3.2 Define rounding rules (V_T525E)

4.1Define Calculation Process –  Object that returns the value of seniority  for use in reports, function modules, payroll, etc. (V_T525P)

4.2 Symptom SENOR – assigning the return code for the split in the V_T525S

5.  Set records in the workbook in IT0294 Employment Book (CIS) – T7RUSEN

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Image 8. IT 0294 Employment Book (CIS)

4.1.1.8. Customizing of IT0298 Personnel Orders (CIS)

Once the user completes the Action, the last step is to output info-type  0298 Personnel Orders (CIS). In this info-type it is automatically assigned  a number of orders and contracts,  signer person, and it is possible to see the Personal order.

Customizing patch : IMG_>Personnel Management-> Personnel Administration-> Personal Data-> Russian-Specific Settings->  Personnel Orders

To configure the Orders you should first configure the connection between Action and the reasons for action in table T7RURs (in the this table it  can be specified Details About Reasons for Personnel Actions, which allows to output  a long cause of the action). Table T7rur0 determines the relationship between Action and its reason  and the Report’s program output . Currently the most printed form of orders are derived through the Adobe Formular and updates are already being applied only to them.

CGrpg

Cty

  1. Act.

ActR

DT

Program Name

Form

Form

33

RU

01

1

HRUA_ORDER_T1

HRRU_T1

ADOBE

33

RU

01

1

G

HRUA_ORDER_T1A

HRRU_T1

ADOBE

Table 1. T7RUR0 Typical customizing for T-1 Hiring order .


In the feature  33298 is customized input mask for Action orders.
Throughout the transaction  SNRO It is defined number ranges of orders for Object   HRYP298 for Company codes.

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Image 9. IT 0298 Personnel orders

4.1.2. Customizing  of RU- Action

The main feature is that the information group has  at the end of the Action  a line in order to create and display the Info-type 0298 for example, where the operation DIS   allows you to immediately view during the Action process see the its personnel Order

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Image 9. Creation and display IT 0298 Personnel Orders (CIS) in table T588D

Often there is a problem when it is customized Rehiring action on the same day after the employee was dismissal – the main problem is that it is checked  indicators in the table T529A  more details in the Note 923678 – HR-RU Rehiring or Reentry into company (on the next day too)

The most common of Dynamic action (Table T588Z) are created  typically when hiring and firing employees:
When you firing:

  • Creation Print orders and Contracts
  • Creation IT 0416 Time Quota Compensation , when during the Termination action ,it is limited  IT 2006 Absence Quotas.

4.1.3. Customizing of Reports (PA):

When it is customized Orders and Forms, it is  necessary to input all Data for Legal entities  in the table T7RU9a.

4.1.4. Customizing  of Orders (T-1, T-5, T-6, T-8, T-11)

Russian Personal orders   are both Individual (eg, the T-1 Hiring order – program HRUA_ORDER_T1) and Group  Orders (e.g. T-1A -Group order for hiring  -the program HRUA_ORDER_T1A).

If you implemented EHP5, then you can get Forms For Business trips ( T-9, T-10)  from the system.

4.1.5. T-2 (Personal Card)

The Form T-2 is  a statistical form ,that contains detailed information about each employee in a company.  According to Russian legislation, companies must prepare form T-2 for each employee, and keep the form up-to-date. For example, when an employee has personal or organizational data changes, it should be prepared  a new version of the form.

4.1.6. T-7 (Vacation Schedule)

Form T-7 is required by  State Committee for Statistics (Goskomstat) to prepare for every company in Russia. The form contains details about periods of planed vacation that your employees take each year. Goskomstat requires Legal entity  to prepare this form at the start of each year, and again whenever your employees change their vacation plans.

4.2 Data Migration (PA)

The data is loaded by the tool LSMW through the transaction PA40 and PA30. Provided and downloaded to the data for all active employees. The files for Personnel Administration Migration is the following

  • Hiring employees
  • Hiring Contractors. Employees who are in the company did not have a specific staff position is recorded on the Position with code 99999999
  • Employees Termination
    • Home Address,
    • Birthday place
  • IT 0009 Bank Details Migration
  • IT 0021-Family Member/Dependents Migration;
  • IT 0022 Education Migration
  • IT 0024 Qualifications
  • IT 0290 Documents and Certificates (CIS):
    • Passport of RF Citizen
    • Foreign passport
    • Travel Passport of RF Citizen
    • Pension Insurance Certificate
    • Tax Payer ID Card
    • Military Card


5. Time management  ( TM) Issues Customizing.


The Time management Customizing for Russia is in most cases the same as for  other Countries. The first step during Time management  customizing in Russia  should be Factory calendar’s configuration. Each year, the Russian government passes a new Factory calendar for next year, which governs transfers of holidays. Factory Calendar – a calendar  which  taking into account holidays and weekends, based on which are created the working schedules,   determined number of working hours per month and proceeded Payroll. It shows the true and accurate information about which days re weekends, holidays or reduced working days in accordance of the Government of the Russian Federation resolution.

In one case, if it was implemented Note 1020749 ,it should be customized  Special rules for transfer of public holidays in Factory Calendar – RU through the transaction SCAL.

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Image 10. Special rules for RU-Factory Calendar.

In  another case,  it can be generated work schedules for the next year and then to do manually the work day transfer for each work schedule  through the transaction PT02 

5.1.1. Peculiarities of  Absences and Attendances Customizing

In Russian SAP HCM Solution there are a lot  of Absences types.  Absences can be divided into those that can use Absence Quota  and another one that doesn’t use Absence Quota.

Traditionally, creating the Absence Quota  for  Annual leave, it can be created for Additional types of absences that consume Absence Quota  for the Unregulated work or Seniority or for Work in  regions of the Far North.
Also, extensive list of absentees for the Sick Leave  and Maternity Leaves purposes:

  • Sick leave
  • Sick leave for taking care of a child under the age of 7
  • Sick leave for taking care of a child aged from 7 to 15
  • Home accident
  • Sick leave for taking care of a family member
  • Industrial injury
  • Sick leave for taking care of a disabled child under the age of 3
  • Sick leave for taking care of a child under the age of 7 in a hospital
  • Maternity Leave
  • Child Care leave 1,5 years
  • Child Care Leave 3  years

Also for the Form  T-7 Vacation Balance it should be created  a Planned absence through  which to create on next year planned Vacation  (This Absence is not proceed in Time Evaluation, because it created with blocked status and displays only in Form T-7)

In Attendances  also is maintained  Work on weekends and holidays, business trips, overtimes etc.

5.1.2. Peculiarities of Absence and Attendance quota customizing

A very important point in Russia’s SAP HCM Solution is Absence Quota generation. Let’s to consider it on  the example of Annual leave. If a person  worked  15 days and above, he is entitled to 2.33 of Absence quota in work month and if he works all year, so in the  end of the year he already has 28 days.

In this situation the problem arises when people will be dismissed  or want to know the number of Absence Quota days on date. It  is calculated Absence quota , depending on the period of cummulation. Imagine that it is calculated on daily base, then the number of limits can be anything and still have totally different numbers after the decimal point (t.e.365/12 * Number of days). The result should be rounded. The another problem is that standard SAP Solution doesn’t proceed the Absence quota deduction in order of unpaid leaves Maternity leaves.  Because of that on projects it is developed User-exit, which deducts the Absent Quota in accordance with those Absences from  Z –table.

The developed program calculates the Absence quota number  on the day of Termination  (or on any given day) by the formula: (28/366 * (366 – number of days> 14) / 366 * number of days worked). Next step I  adjust the rounding rules (table T556D):

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Image 11. Rounding Rules for Annual Vacation Absence qouta.


SAP   is provided solution in EHP5,  where it can be excluded certain absence types from an employee’s absence quota by adding the duration of those absence types to the end of the quota validity period: http://help.sap.com/erp2005_ehp_05/helpdata/en/fd/6bccca90774ea59a7e6a782212ba34/frameset.htm

Next problem is the right  control of Overtime  work. By law an employee may work out only 120 hours of overtime per  year. Control  is performed either manually or  through Attendance Quota or Time valuation.

5.2. Time Management Reporting  Customizing:

Form T-13 – Timesheets  is used to account for the time actually spent and (or) unfinished each employee organization to monitor compliance with the regime ( established by the employees working hours), to obtain data on hours worked, the calculation of remuneration and to compile statistical reports on the work. This report is run  only after the Time evaluation time.

5.2.1. Form T-13 Customizing

To Customize   this form  follow by this patch:

IMG-> Payroll-> Payroll: Russia-> Reporting-> Time Management-> Working Time Schedule (Form T-13)

5.3. Time management  (TM) Data Migration

For Time Data Migration is used  LSMW-tool .

5.3.1. Absences Migration

  • IT 2001 – Absences
  • IT 2002  – Attendances

5.3.2. Absence quota Migration

  • It is migrated remains days for certain periods for  IT 2006 Absence Quota 
  • It is migrated data type for vacation from IT 0041 Date Specifications

6. Payroll(PY) Issues


Russian Payroll is  very complex and difficult in SAP ERP HCM, like in US Payroll ,  so before its implementation, I strongly advise to find a Russian consultants in order to evaluate realization and real terms of implementation. To understand the depth of the problem look at the scheme RUS0.

6.1. Payroll (PY) Customizing :

For payroll, you should use the standard Payroll driver HRUCALC0 and the modified schema  RUS0, if it is installed EHP5, it could be use HRUCALC0_CE and schema RU0C.

6.2. RU PY Infotypes Customizing

6.2.1. It0009 Bank Details

Bank details  are designated by employee on infotype 0009.  It is required only configuration for this is population of the BNKA table with bank details such as key, bank name, address, etc. 

6.2.2. IT0048  Residence Status

The data on the residence status in the country influences on  the calculation of income tax: those employees who are not tax residents are charged 30% income tax, whereas tax residents are charged 13% tax rate.

It is described  the response of the system to a value in  IT  0048 Residence Status  in the feature of 33TXS/wp-content/uploads/2013/07/image002_244460.jpg

Image 12. IT 0048 Residence Status

6.2.3. IT0291 Tax and Social Ins. Payments (CIS)

This infotype is used for maintaining information about taxes and net payments.

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Image 13. IT 0291 Tax and Social Ins. Payments (CIS)

6.2.4. IT0292 Add. Social Insurance Data (CIS)

Infotype 0292 is used for maintaining information about employee social group. This information is needed for sick payments.

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Image 14.IT 0292 Add. Social Insurance Data (RU)

6.2.5. IT0293 Other and Previous Employers (RU)

In this infotype stored information about previous employers payments for current tax year.

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Image 15. IT Add. Social Insurance Data (CIS)

6.2.6. IT0296 Garnishment Documents (CIS)

It is using for recording details of the  staffs garnishment documents. The system automatically create IT  0295 Garnishment Orders (RU) after completing the infotype   0296 Garnishment Documents (RU)  . Used to register the amount of  the garnishment document.  Impassible to enter the record in the  infotype 295 if there is no corresponding record in the infotype 0296.

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Image 16.IT0296 Garnishment Documents (CIS)

6.2.7. IT0299 Tax Privileges (CIS)

IT 0299 Tax Privileges (CIS) is used to maintain individual tax exemptions: income tax exemption for a child, tax deduction (Art.218 Cl. 2), tax deduction (Art.218 Cl. 1, 219), material tax deduction etc. It is connected with individual Benefit flag in table T7rut3

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           Image 17. IT0299 Tax Privileges (CIS)

6.3. WT Catalog Peculiarities

Wage type catalog  is  a list of charges, deductions and taxes. Russian WT catalog includes round 580 Technical Wage types,  round 448 Dialogs Wage types ( wage types with R*** and N*** are used for Regional and North Conditions).


When you create your own WT in RU WT Catalog , take the following into account:

Step

Table

Value

Description

1

V_512W_O

Wage type(WT) code creation and WT Valid dates

2

V_512W_T

Short and full name of WT

3

V_511_B

Define the required personnel area and employee group

4

V_T512Z

Define Wage type permitted WT for infotypes

5

V_512W_O

10

Define Class for reducing in proportion to the  worked hours

6

V_T511

Payment type (deduction/accrual), input type ( amount, percent, constant, automatically)

7

V_512W_B

Define valuation bases

8

V_512W_O

30 C

Define Class for cumulation period

9

V_512W_O

65

Valuation according to principle of averages

10

V_512W_O

13, 14

Include in cumulation  for  Total gross amount

11

V_512W_O

20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26

Include in cumulations for  Pension Social Security and Medicine Funds

12

V_512W_O

02, 03

Define analysis class for output in Pay slip

13

T7RUNC

Included in  Wage type grouping for the reporting

14

V_T52EZ

Define for postings (Debit/credit)

Table 2. WT creation for RU-Wage type catalog

6.4. Payments peculiarities

There are also Fixied Salary payments and Hourly wage in Russia. In Russia there are a lot of compensatory payments connected with working conditions. Regional premium is made for work in the regions of Extreme North and equivalent areas. Calculation is made by multiplying regional premium rate by a sum of charges in a calculation month subject to regional premium rate charging.

It is customized  in the feature 33BMC For every personnel area is assigned Bonus Model. Bonus Model is maintained in table T7RUB1.  It is assigned to Bonus Model wage types and scales in table  T7RUB3.  The names of bonus scales are maintained in table  T7RUB4. The percent of allowances is input in  table   T7RUB5.

Payments for Harmful conditions are made for hours worked to employees whose positions are connected with insalubrious and hazards working conditions.  Usually it is input Payment for harmful working condition in It 0015 or put time in  IT 2002 or 2010 and then It is calculated through time evaluation than it will be proceed in rule RU25.

Payments for non-worked hours ( e.g. Vacation, Donor days) with average earnings maintained. Salary calculation is made on the basis of average earnings. The calculation period is considered as 12 calendar months preceding the month of the beginning of the event. Daily earnings are calculated by dividing the sum of earnings for the salary calculation period by the worked days for this period. Average earnings sum is defined as the product of average daily wages by the days of absence.

All types of paid absence refer to the appropriate Absence valuation rule, which connection is  configured in view V_554S_G.

Te common evaluated  absences  are grouped by the  Absence evaluation rule . The rule defines evaluation as a paid absence, and then generates a WT for accruals  . Absence evaluation rule is maintained in view V_T554C.

The Cumulation rules  are configured in view  V_T51AV_B in accordance with cumulative types of payments – the basis of average values.

6.5. Tax peculiarities

Personal income tax  is collected from all staff  that are tax residents of the Russian Federation, as well as from the staff members that get income from the sources of the Russian Federation and are not tax residents of the Russian Federation.

   Depending on category of tax payer Income tax can be 13, 30 and 35% 

 

Tax schema controls the payments for income tax.  It is customized IMG -> Payroll-> Payroll: Russia-> Tax and Social Insurance Payments-> Maintain Taxes and Social Insurance Payments.

Each Personnel area has Tax schema in table  V_T7RUP0. Tax schemas are described in table T7RUP1. Personnel grouping for Tax schema  is described in feature 33ТАХ.

Depending on thee return value of feature fro m the table T7RUP3 , it will catch up with some tax class. Tax classes is maintained in table  T7RUT1. Here you specify the scale for the deduction of taxes and benefits that must be applied to this tax.

To calculate the tax base tax payers can get standard tax deduction. Standard tax deductions are provided to the tax payer on the basis of his written statement and the documents confirming the right of such tax deductions.

The size of tax deductions is configured  in the view V_T7RUT3.

6.6. Sick leave peculiarities

In Russia there is a lot of  Sick leaves. Sick leaves are paid partially by Employer and by Social Security found.   Generally , Sick leave Payment is calculated on the basis of average earnings. The average daily wage is calculated by dividing the sum of earnings for 2 years at 730.

The function RUSIO proceed the  Sick leave. The total amount of average earnings (based on the data received from other employers) for each calendar year does not exceed the limit value base for the calculation of insurance premiums to the FSS RF, established in 2012 (463,000 rubles) , it is defined in table T511P . Amount of daily allowance is calculated by multiplying the average daily wage rate on the insurance seniority.

In table T7RUT5 is stored the amount for  Social group (which is defined in table T7RUT6)

In table V_T7RUT5_PAID you can assign the amount of sick leave days and WT which paid by employer.

Amount of  payments for sick leaves  ,e.g. 1,5 year Child care leave ,   is configured  in table T510J . Wage types  SI10, SI11  in IT 0293 stores  bases for the calculation of insurance premiums in the FSS. The Wage type SIRT in IT0015 stores  averages  rate for Sick leaves pavement.

6.7. Deductions peculiarities

Fines and Alimonies are maintained in table T7RUG1. Types of Garnishment orders are maintained in table T7RUG0.  It  is processed by  the function RUAID.
In the case of processing multiple deductions priorities are processed by function RUPRI.
The rules for deductions are adjusted in the table T7RUD3. Priority of processing in case , if it is not possible to deduct the whole sum, is stored in view of V_51P6_B.

6.8. RU Payroll Schema – RUS0

Subschemas

Description

  1. Initialization (subschema XIN0)

The start of payroll processing

  1. Master Data Processing (subschema XBD0)

ENAME – Determine name of Employee from IT  0001
WPBP –  Read Work Center/Basic Pay Data

RUSPL- function is used for internal table  WPBP  splitting in case of :
1)Absence registration in IT2001

2)There is a dates in table  T51D5

P0014 –WPBP  split in accordance with  periods from IT 0014

  1. Import last payroll results

Subschema RUR0 – Import previous result current period
Subshema
RULP- Import last regular payroll result

RUFUP (Parameter 4 = PTAB) – Import table  FUP from OFUP

  1. Import additional payments/deduction (Subschema RUP9)

P0014 – Import WTypes from IT 0014

P0015 – Import additional Payments from IT 0015

RU293 – import data from previous Employer from IT ИТ0293

RU267 – Import additional off-cycle payments  from IT 0267

Rule  RUSC – Prepare percent of allowances For regional and North condition.

  1. Time Wage Types Processing  (Subschema  RUT1)

RURAB – Absences reading  according with quotas

RUNAB – Refinement of the table AB (a partition shall record the absence on the calculating period)

PAB –   Absence processing

RUGAB –  This function determines the duration of periods with a 40-  week spread over five or six working days (target time), defined by :

–  Duration of incomplete periods

  -Duration of complete periods

  -Target time for one year

  -Target time resulting from absences.

P2003 –  imports the shift substitutions entered in infotype 2003

PARTT (PSP) –  Defining the parameters of incomplete periods

Rule RU1N – Create valuation bases (addition)
Rule RUM0 – Determine payroll modifiers

DAYPR – Day processing
Rule RU33 –  Evaluation basis (division) creation also WT  /010

Rule RUF0 – Time calculation for Averages

Rule RUF4 – Numbers in calendar days for Vacations

Rule RUF3 – Number of public holidays

Rule RUMN – Minimal Salary calculation for Sick leaves

P2010 X930 –Import  employee remuneration information from IT 2010

ZLIT – Total records – to ZL and IT

P0416 – Process Quota Compensation

RUOAV – Check the data in field  SPPE1 in IT2001 for  Absence.

Subschema XIW0 – Incentive wages

Rule RU25  – Valuation of time wage

Rule X020  – Gross and RT storage for time wage for calculation class 3

Business trips

(Subschema RURE)

ASREI – The function ASREI cumulates all the travel expenses for an employee per period in wage types

  1. Factoring and storage time wage types (Subschema  RUL0)

If the employee is not working full time, you must recalculate the sums  to obtain the proportionally
worked time. This requirement is performed in schema RUL0.

Rule  RU23  – Gross input and storage in RT in accordance with 20 Processing  Class.

  1. Valuation of averages  (Subschema RUAV)

Sub-schema RUAV and RUA0 perform all absence calculation

The function RUAVE is proceeded the technical WT  / V*, generated by the rules of RU17, RU18, just before calling the function, along with the main type of payment for M *, generated by a function of PAB in the absence proceeding, based on the settings table T554C.

Rule  RUA3 – Processing Averages after  RUAVE

Rule  RUA4 – Processing Sick List

Rule  RUA5 – Restricts Baby Care Compensations (Maternity leave for 1,5 year)

Function RUFUP  processes the results table for calculating to future periods, that is, table FUP.

Rule  RU62  – Cumulation & storage WT in accordance with 62 Processing class .

  1. Process & prepare old and retro results (Subschema RURC)

Subschema RUSC Derived WT ( regional, northern ). Generates WTs for regional and north allowances . Percent value is prepared by the rule  RUSC, which is used separately for  basic payments , bonuses, vacation payments.

Loan processing

  • (Subschema RUL0)

P0045 – Function P0045 processes the master data in the Loans infotype (0045) Loans

RUC45 – The function redefines all currency fields related to loans to another currency.

Processing deductions and storage

  • (Subschema RUD9)

Rule  RU14 –  processing delay of the preceding period
Rule  RU64 – rounding WT in accordance with Processing Class 64
Subschema RURC – Process off-cycle data
Subschema RUID – the main processing of Garnishment documents

Rule  RUDE – Process Garnishments in accordance with priorities
Rule  RUI2 – Rule  processing Fee for garnishments
Rule   RU35 – Gross cumulation, cost distribution in accordance with Processing Class4

Rule  X024 – Gross input and storage in RT in accordance with Processing Class 41

Taxes

  • (Subschema RUTX)

RUTAX proceed information from  IT  0001, 0002, 0048, 0291
It calculate taxes in accordance with table  T7RUT1:
– initial launch of the rules for calculating taxes, the formation of variable RU **,containing bases of evaluation for the calculation of taxes;
– Define Tax Privileges from IT  0299;
– Consistent calculation of the tax benefits according to the priority benefits, subtract benefits from taxable income of the employee;
– Calculation and save the amount of tax in in  created WT

GRSUP – calculates the corresponding gross values for each guaranteed net amount from table T541N

Rule  RUD9 – Gross input and storage in RT in accordance with Processing Class 70

  1. Calculation the amounts after deduction

RUA9 RUD1 –  proceed WT from the previous periods (from  LRT into  IT)
RU30 – Net part summation
RUPRI –   processes additional tables for deductions

  1. Net payments/deductions and transfer (Subschema RUN0)

There are the following features in this subschema :

calculation of delta for income taxes,

the transfer of deltas from the previous period,

the reading function
P0011 data for bank transfers from the in  IT 0011,

the transfer of alimonies and fines, the formation of the payment amounts, the function reads data from P0009 Employee bank account detail in IT 0009

Retroactive accounting

  • (Subschema RURR)

Used for Payroll recalculation

Total amounts

(Subschema RUE9)

Export results in cluster

(Subschema RUO2)

Check table  IT, refresh table  RT

ADDCU – Update cumulations  according to the processing class (CRT)

EXPRT UR – Export Payroll Data in Payroll Cluster UR.

Table 3. Russian payroll Schema RUS0

6.9. Posting Peculiarities

Most posting configuration can be found at IMG path:  Payroll à Payroll: Russia à Reporting for Posting Results to Accounting.

    • Table T52EK is where symbolic accounts must be defined.
    • Table T52EL maps wage types to symbolic accounts  including posting details such as account type and credit/debit designation.
    • Table T52EM is where EE grouping codes are defined.
    • Feature PPMOD is where employees are assigned to grouping codes based on organizational data.
    • Date identifier  for posting – V_T549S_B

6.10. Reporting (PY)

PY reporting is the also the  difficult  theme in Russian Reporting.  It is required to customize the output form in .PDF format and download the report in .xml format.

6.10.1. Pay slip

Pay slip is customized as usually in tr. PE51 .  It analyses classes for WT , which you defined for  output wage type in Pay slip

6.10.2. Form 4 FSS- form is for payment of contributions to the fund of social insurance

6.10.3. Form RSV-1-form is for the calculation of accrued and paid insurance premiums to the Pension Fund of the Russian Federation, the insurance premiums for compulsory health insurance in the Federal Fund for compulsory medical insurance and territorial funds of compulsory medical insurance payers of insurance premiums, making payments and other compensation to individuals.

6.10.4. Form SZV 6-1-2- Information on accrued and paid insurance contributions for compulsory pension insurance of the insured and the insurance period of the insured , 6-2- Registry data on assessed and paid insurance contributions for compulsory pension insurance and the insurance period of the insured

6.10.5. Form  2 NDFL- a form on which employers report for taxes assessed on personal income

6.10.6. Payroll Sheet (Form T-53)- is payroll unified form

  

6.11. Data Migration (PY)

6.11.1. Data Migration for previous Employer

Create files for IT  0293   for WT /DA0 ,  SI09, SI10 аnd loaded tax deductions through LSMW.

6.11.2. Data Migration for Payroll Cluster

You must download the data for the year prior periods in order to ensure the correct calculation of pay for the average values ​​within a year after the start of a productive system For this purpose, load data into tables T558B and T558D, or use outdated table to load the T558A, which contains fewer fields than the previous table. Loading of the tools used, or LSMW – BUS7023 and IDOC to load the data, but in this case triggered numerous checks and loading is interrupted when transferring 100,000 entries and more. The second option – developing its program for downloading data base can be taken from this. Before the Migration  the Personnel Administration data must already be uploaded the staff, and WT should be customized

The order of loading:


1.Check the format and completeness of the data being loaded
2. Erase entries in the tables T558
3 Load the records into a table with the help of a program or LSMW
4. . Clean the cluster of loud personnel numbers with the report – RPUDEL20 or  its modification
5 Use a standard report RPUTRBK0 and move the date in IT 0003 “The status of the calculation of” employee number of load
6. Create your chart data is loaded into the cluster with scheme RU30 or  RLK0

          7. load the required personnel number with created Migration Scheme in   Payroll driver  HRUCALC0

SAP also proposed a new solution for PY Migration in the note 1677296 – HR-RU: Report HRUURU30 – Uploading old payroll data to SAP



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