Skip to Content
Author's profile photo Ganesh Padala

How to set SOAP header for outbound web service call

Sometimes we com across a situation when we are trying to consume a non-SAP web service and they ask to set us a few parameters in SOAP-Headers.

Before I discuss the solution just mentioning the assumptions being made here:

1. The developer knows how to create a consumer proxy using SE80

2. The developer knows how to create Logical Port for consumer proxy in SOAMANAGER

With above ground rules established lets get to solving our problem of manipulating SOAP-header at runtime. SAP provides us with an Interface IF_WSPROTOCOL which allows ABAPers to manipulate the proxy runtime, details on this interface are available here :

The interface provides us a protocol called WS_HEADER which can be used to add info to SOAP header while consuming services. Coming to the coding part, in your calling program once we instantiate the CLIENT PROXY, we can access WS_HEADER by using GET_PROTOCOL method of CLIENT PROXY, this will provide you with a handle to WS_HEADER, now comes the tricky part as to how add your info to SOAP-Header, for this WS_HEADER has a method called SET_REQUEST_HEADER , but the issue is this method only accepts data in XML DOM format, so to solve this you would need to use the iXML factory.

data: client_proxy type ref to Zco_your_consumer_proxy,

      ws_header    type ref to if_wsprotocol_ws_header,

      system_fault type ref to cx_ai_system_fault,

      name         type string,

      namespace    type string.

data: obj_ixml         type ref to if_ixml,

      obj_ixml_factory type ref to if_ixml_stream_factory,

      obj_ixml_ostream type ref to if_ixml_ostream,

      obj_ixml_istream type ref to if_ixml_istream,

      obj_parser       type ref to if_ixml_parser,

      w_error          type i.

data: xml_document type ref to if_ixml_document,

      xml_root     type ref to if_ixml_element,

      xml_element  type ref to if_ixml_element,

      xml_node     type ref to if_ixml_node.

data: lw_cstring       type string,

      l_xstring        type xstring,

      l_string         type string.

* create instance

    create object client_proxy


        logical_port_name = ‘ZLP’.

* get WS_HEADER protocol

    ws_header ?= client_proxy->get_protocol( if_wsprotocol=>ws_header ).

* l_string contains XML data 

    if not l_string is initial.

* create iXML DOM document from XML

      obj_ixml         = cl_ixml=>create( ).

      obj_ixml_factory = obj_ixml->create_stream_factory( ).

      obj_ixml_istream = obj_ixml_factory->create_istream_string( l_string ).

      xml_document     = obj_ixml->create_document( ).

      obj_parser       = obj_ixml->create_parser(

                                      stream_factory = obj_ixml_factory

                                      istream        = obj_ixml_istream

                                      document       = xml_document ).

      w_error = obj_parser->parse( ).

      if sy-subrc = 0

      and not xml_document is initial.

        xml_root = xml_document->get_root_element( ).

        xml_element ?= xml_root->get_first_child( ).

* add header element by element to SOAP header

        while not xml_element is initial.

          name = xml_element->get_name( ).

          namespace = xml_element->get_namespace_uri( ).

          ws_header->set_request_header( name = name namespace = namespace dom = xml_element ).

          xml_element ?= xml_element->get_next( ).




* Now call proxy method

    call method client_proxy->intended_service_operation


          input = request_object


          output = response_object.

Hope this is useful.

Assigned Tags

      You must be Logged on to comment or reply to a post.
      Author's profile photo Sourav Chatterjee
      Sourav Chatterjee

      Can you please explain - how and from where to get the "l_string" ?

      Author's profile photo Sebastián Pereira Cendan
      Sebastián Pereira Cendan

      Hi, I have a problem with the pasword, it is sending as in 'hide mode', any idea how to change this?