Pre-requisites for FI-SD Integration
This series of documents for FI-SD integration is divided into 4 parts. This document is the first part of the series. Adding links for other parts before I start with the content.
Part-II : FI-SD Integration – I
Part-III : FI-SD Integration – II
Part-IV: FI-SD Integration III
FI-SD Configuration Pre-requisites
The pre-requisites for carrying out this configuration are as follows:
- Material Master
- Customer Master
- Pricing Procedures
- Condition Records
- G/L Accounts
The material master can be displayed using t-code MM03. The menu path for MM03 is SAP Easy Access Menu -> Logistics -> Materials Management -> Material Master -> Material -> Display. In the material master, the relevant view is Sales: Sales Org. Data 2 as shown below:
In the view, the relevant field is the Acct assignment group. This is one of the criteria for G/L account determination. The materials which have the same account assignment group are grouped together to post to the same G/L accounts.
The customer master can be displayed using t-code FD03. The menu path for FD03 is SAP Easy Access Menu -> Financial Accounting -> Accounts Receivable -> Master Records -> Display. In the customer master, the relevant data is under the Sales area data section of the customer master. Select the Billing Documents tab.
The relevant field is the Acct assignment group. This is also one of the criteria for G\L account determination. The customers who have the same account assignment group are grouped together to post to the same G\L accounts.
Pricing procedures are used to define the valid condition types for pricing calculation and the sequence in which they should be processed. Other processing data can also be specified for each condition type such as, if the condition type is statistical, specification of a calculation type different from the one mentioned in the condition type configuration etc.
The pricing procedures can be seen in t-code V/08. The menu path for V/08 is SPRO -> IMG -> Sales and Distribution -> Basic Functions -> Pricing -> Pricing Control -> Define and Assign Pricing Procedures -> Maintain Pricing Procedures
The relevant field here is the Account Key. It is also one of the criteria for G/L account determination. Based on the account key, the required G/L account to be posted is selected.
The column next to account key is the accrual key. The accrual accounts are used if accrual condition types such as a rebate condition type are used in the pricing procedure. Rebate is the discount given to customers by manufacturers, say, a rebate given to dealers at the year end based on the number of units sold. The rebate is not paid per invoice. It accrues over the period and is paid at the period end.
The account key is used to determine a rebate discount account which is a P&L account. The accrual key is linked to 2 G/L accounts, a P&L account and a B/S account (Provision account).
When a billing document is posted, the P&L account linked to accrual key is debited and the provision account is credited with the rebate amount. When the rebate agreement is settled, the account linked to account key is debited and customer is credited with the rebate discount amount. At the same time, reverse posting is done to the accounts linked to accrual key.
For each condition type in the pricing procedure, condition records are used to specify the factors, say, customer, material, etc. that can vary and then store the price for various combinations of these factors.
They can be seen in t-code VK13. The menu path for VK13 is SAP Easy Access Menu ->Logistics -> Sales and Distribution -> Master Data -> Conditions -> Select Using Condition Type ->Display
The condition record for condition type PR00 is shown in the screen above. The Sales Organization and Distribution Channel as seen in the screen form the Org level at which the condition record is stored. The condition record does not directly affect the account determination. If for a condition type, the condition record is not maintained, the condition type will not have a value and hence no account determination is needed.
To complete the configuration for account determination, the G/L accounts should already exist in the system.
They can be seen in t-code FS00. The menu path for FS00 is SAP Easy Access Menu -> Accounting -> Financial Accounting -> General Ledger -> Mater Records -> G/L Accounts ->Individual Processing -> Centrally