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I want to create an action and pass a dynamic container value to it. I only knew how to create an action manually using the SAP GUI or the Webclient UI, but I don’t know how to create it using abap coding. Therefore I tried to develop a class which can trigger an action. The following source code shows how to do this:

I defined a class with a method “CREATE_ACTION”. This method has the following parameters:

  • IV_HEADER_GUID TYPE CRMT_HEADER_GUID: GUID of the order
  • IV_TTYPE TYPE PPFDTT: Name of the action definition

The following source code shows how to do this:

METHOD create_action.

   INCLUDE:

   crm_objectservices_con.

   DATA:

   lr_action_context   TYPE REF TO   cl_doc_context_crm_order,

   lr_action                TYPE REF TO   if_actions_ppf,

   lv_changed            TYPE          crmt_boolean,

   lr_object_pool        TYPE REF TO cl_object_pool,

   lt_trigger_if            TYPE          ppftactv,

   lr_trigger_if            TYPE REF TO   if_action_ppf,

   lr_trigger               TYPE REF TO   cl_trigger_ppf,

   lv_found                TYPE          crmt_boolean,

   lv_ttype                 TYPE          ppfdtt,

   lr_container           TYPE REF TO   cl_swj_ppf_container,

   lv_subrc                TYPE          sysubrc,

   lr_medium_if          TYPE REF TO   if_medium_ppf,

   lr_medium             TYPE REF TO   cl_methodcall_ppf.

   ” check if header guid and name of the action definition is filled

   IF iv_header_guid IS INITIAL OR

      iv_ttype IS INITIAL.

     RETURN.

   ENDIF.

   ” Get Object Pool. The Object Pool is a singleton class which defines the current context. This object is used later when the actions are saved

   lr_object_pool = cl_object_pool=>get_instance( ).

   ” Determine action context of the order. The action context contains all information of the active and inactive actions of an order

   CALL FUNCTION ‘CRM_ACTION_CONTEXT_CREATE’

     EXPORTING

       iv_header_guid                 = iv_header_guid

       iv_object_guid                 = iv_header_guid

     IMPORTING

       ev_context                     = lr_action_context

     EXCEPTIONS

       no_actionprofile_for_proc_type = 1

       no_actionprofile_for_item_type = 2

       order_read_failed              = 3

       OTHERS                         = 4.

   IF lr_action_context IS NOT BOUND.

     RETURN.

   ENDIF.

   ” This function module determines all actions of the order in the buffer

   CALL FUNCTION ‘CRM_ACTION_DETERMINE’

     EXPORTING

       iv_header_guid      = iv_header_guid

       iv_object_guid      = iv_header_guid

       iv_context          = lr_action_context

       iv_for_toolbar_only =

       iv_no_detlog        =

     IMPORTING

       ev_changed          = lv_changed.

   ” Get all inactive actions of the order (Read it from the buffer)

   lr_action = cl_service_factory_ppf=>get_actions_if( ).

   lr_action->get_actions( EXPORTING io_context              = lr_action_context

                                     ip_active               =

                                     ip_inactive             = ‘X’

                                     ip_smartform_processing =

                                     ip_other_processing     = ‘X’

                          IMPORTING  et_actions              = lt_trigger_if ).

   ” Search specific action by action definition name

   lv_found = .

   LOOP AT lt_trigger_if INTO lr_trigger_if.

     lr_trigger ?= lr_trigger_if.

     lv_ttype = lr_trigger->get_ttype( ).

     IF lv_ttype = iv_ttype.

       lv_found = ‘X’.

       EXIT.

     ENDIF.

   ENDLOOP.

   IF lv_found = ‘X’.

     ” Create container object and set values to the container. Here you can set a key-value-pair to the container

     ” This container can be read when the action is executed

     CREATE OBJECT lr_container.

     lv_subrc = lr_container->if_swj_ppf_container~set_value( element_name      = ‘ZTEST’

                                                                                       data                     = ‘TEST’ ).

     ” Add the container object to the trigger (using the medium)

     lr_medium_if = lr_trigger->get_medium( ).

     lr_medium ?= lr_medium_if.

     lr_medium->if_medium_container_ppf~set_container( ii_container = lr_container ).

     ” If you activate the trigger the schedule and the starting conditions are checked. If all conditions are ok the action will be executed

     lr_trigger->if_action_ppf~activate( ).

     ” Save trigger. This step is needed, because an action that can not be executed because for example the starting condition is not okay will be saved to the

     ” database

     lr_object_pool->save_guids( EXPORTING ip_guid = iv_header_guid ).

     lr_object_pool->save_single( iv_header_guid ).

     COMMIT WORK.

   ENDIF.

ENDMETHOD.

Now you can test this using your own action definition. If you want to remove the action from the order you only have to set the trigger object to inactive.

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