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Author's profile photo Former Member

What is SAP Landscape?

Landscape is like a server system or like a layout of the servers or some may even call it the architecture of the servers viz. SAP is divided into three different landscape DEV, QAS and PRD.

DEV would have multiple clients for ex: 190- Sandbox, 100- Golden, 180 – Unit Test.
QAS may again have multiple clients for ex: 300- Integration Test, 700 to 710 Training.
PRD may have something like a 200 Production.

These names and numbers are the implementer’s discreet on how they want it or they have been using in their previous implementations or how is the client’s business scenario. 

Now whatever you do in the Sandbox doesn’t affect the other servers or clients. Whenever you think you are satisfied with your configuration and you think you can use it moving forward, you RE-DO it in the golden client (remember, this is a very neat and clean client and you cannot use it for rough usage). As you re-do everything that you had thought was important and usable, you get a transport request pop up upon saving every time. You save it under a transport request and give your description to it. Thus the configuration is transported to the Unit Test client (180 in this example). 

You don’t run any transaction or even use the SAP Easy Access screen on the 100 (golden) client. This is a configuration only client. Now upon a successful transport by the Basis guy, you have all the configuration in the Testing client, just as it is in the Golden client. The configuration remains in sync between these two clients. 

But in the Testing client you cannot even access SPRO  (Display IMG) screen. It’s a transaction only client where you perform the unit test. Upon a satisfactory unit test, you move the good configuration to the next SERVER (DEV). The incorrect or unsatisfactory configuration is corrected in Golden (may again as well be practised in the sandbox prior to Golden) and accordingly transported back to 180 (Unit Test) until the unit test affected by that particular config is satisfactory. 

The Golden client remains the ‘database’ (if you wanna call it that) or you may rather call it the ‘ultimate’ reference client for all the good, complete and final configuration that is being used in the implementation.

In summary:
Landscape : is the arrangement for the servers

IDES : is purely for education purpose and is NOT INCLUDED in the landscape.


DEVELOPMENT : is where the the consultants do the customization as per the company’s requirement.  
QUALITY : is where the core team members and other members test the customization.
PRODUCTION : is where the live data of the company is recorded.

A request will flow from Dev -> Qual -> Prod and not backwards.

  1. 1. Sandbox server: In the initial stages of any implementation project, you are given a sandbox server where you do all the configuration/customization as per the company’s business process.
  2. 2. Development Server: – Once the BBP gets signed off, the configuration is done is development server and saved in workbench requests, to be transported to Production server.
  3. 3. Production Server: This is the last/ most refined client where the user will work after project GO LIVE. Any changes/ new development is done is development client and the request is transported to production.

These three are landscape of any Company. They organized their office in these three way. Developer develop their program in Development server and then transport it to test server. In testing server tester check/test the program and then transport it to Production Server. Later it will deploy to client from production server.

Presentaion Server- Where SAP GUI have.
Application Server – Where SAP Installed.
Database Server – Where Database installed.

I hope this document will help, but will welcome all the help we can improve this document.

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      Author's profile photo Former Member
      Former Member

      is this is a recommendation from SAP to divide the development into 3 clients or not??

      Author's profile photo Former Member
      Former Member

      Hi Denis,

      Great explanation about SAP landscape.

      There are a few typing mistakes but the quality of the content is good.



      Author's profile photo Former Member
      Former Member
      Hi Denis,

        This Post is really helpful & I got clear understand about SAP Landscape.

      Thanks & Regards,


      Author's profile photo Santosh Paradkar
      Santosh Paradkar

      Thanks Denis,

      Your post is useful and it clarifies basics of SAP landscape

      Thanks and regards,

      Santosh Paradkar


      Author's profile photo Former Member
      Former Member

      Hello Denis,

      This is wonderful Explanation of SAP landscape with detailed info and easy words. it's really helpful.

      Thank you.


      Muhammad Usman

      Author's profile photo Sky Jackson
      Sky Jackson

      Thanks, denis to share the information.

      it's really helpful.


      Author's profile photo Solomon Suraj
      Solomon Suraj


      SAP Landscape:

      * System landscape we have is R/3 enterprises.
      * It ia a arrangement of servers.
      * It consists of Development, Quality and Production server.

      Dev Server -> Consultant's do customization as per clients requirements.

      Qas Server -> team member will test the customization, unit testing and functional will talk to clients about qas server activities
      Prd Server -> Go-live data of the company is recorded (End User's)


      At initial stage for project implementation we use Sandbox.
      then we start to use Goldenbox. Contents in Goldbox is the replication of Sandbox datas.


      Author's profile photo BIKASH CHANDRA MONDAL

      Thanks, its very helpful.


      Thanks & regards,

      Bikash Mondal.


      Author's profile photo BIKASH CHANDRA MONDAL

      It's really helpful for beginner.