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When you upgrade your SAP system some functions became obsolete.

In this first part I would like to analyze one of the most used function module in SAP: POPUP_TO_CONFIRM

This is its signature with all the possible parameters:

CALL FUNCTION 'POPUP_TO_CONFIRM'
EXPORTING
*   TITLEBAR                    = ' '
*   DIAGNOSE_OBJECT             = ' '
TEXT_QUESTION               =
*   TEXT_BUTTON_1               = 'Ja'(001)
*   ICON_BUTTON_1               = ' '
*   TEXT_BUTTON_2               = 'Nein'(002)
*   ICON_BUTTON_2               = ' '
*   DEFAULT_BUTTON              = '1'
*   DISPLAY_CANCEL_BUTTON       = 'X'
*   USERDEFINED_F1_HELP         = ' '
*   START_COLUMN                = 25
*   START_ROW                   = 6
*   POPUP_TYPE                  =
*   IV_QUICKINFO_BUTTON_1       = ' '
*   IV_QUICKINFO_BUTTON_2       = ' '
* IMPORTING
*   ANSWER                      =
* TABLES
*   PARAMETER                   =
* EXCEPTIONS
*   TEXT_NOT_FOUND              = 1
*   OTHERS                      = 2

.

POPUP_TO_CONFIRM in ECC600 have to be used instead of the obsolete function module:

  • POPUP_FOR_INFO
  • POPUP_TO_CONFIRM_LOSS_OF_DATA
  • POPUP_TO_CONFIRM_STEP
  • POPUP_TO_CONFIRM_WITH_MESSAGE
  • POPUP_TO_CONFIRM_WITH_VALUE
  • POPUP_TO_CONFIRM_WITH_VALUE_2
  • POPUP_TO_DECIDE
  • POPUP_TO_DECIDE_WITH_MESSAGE

Even if most of these function modules are obsolete also in SAP 4.7, I would like to analyze it because are largely used. Below for each obsolete function module I give the new coding (default use) through POPUP_TO_CONFIRM.

1. POPUP_FOR_INFO

No action is performed, all code is commented since version 4.7.

CALL FUNCTION 'POPUP_FOR_INFO'
EXPORTING
INFO1           = text-001
TEXTLINE1       = text-002
TITEL           = text-003.

No info have been found about INFO1 parameter, maybe it is the same of DIAGNOSE_OBJECT in POPUP_TO_CONFIRM.

CALL FUNCTION 'POPUP_TO_CONFIRM'
EXPORTING
TITLEBAR = text-003
TEXT_QUESTION = text-002
DISPLAY_CANCEL_BUTTON = ' '.

POPUP_TO_INFO

2. POPUP_TO_CONFIRM_LOSS_OF_DATA

Creates a warning popup that advice you that data could be lost.

CALL FUNCTION 'POPUP_TO_CONFIRM_LOSS_OF_DATA'
EXPORTING
TEXTLINE1 = text-001
*   TEXTLINE2 = ' '
TITEL = text-002
*   START_COLUMN = 25
*   START_ROW = 6
*   DEFAULTOPTION = 'N'
* IMPORTING
*   ANSWER =
.

POPUP_TO_CONFIRM_LOSS_OF_DATA

CALL FUNCTION 'POPUP_TO_CONFIRM'
EXPORTING
TITLEBAR = text-002
DIAGNOSE_OBJECT = 'CACS_CONFIRM_LOSS_OF_DATA'
TEXT_QUESTION = text-001
DISPLAY_CANCEL_BUTTON       = ' '
POPUP_TYPE                  = 'ICON_MESSAGE_WARNING'.

Some optional parameters are used in order to generate a more similar popup:

DIAGNOSE_OBJECT => “The diagnosis text must be created as a ‘Text in Dialog’ in the maintenance transaction SE61. This ensures translation. There is only limited support of formatting (headings, paragraphs and lists). Links are not supported. The document name is transferred in the interface of the function module. Line feed is performed by the function module. If the stored text cannot be found in English or German, the exception TEXT_NOT_FOUND is triggered.” (SAP online help)

In this case a standard diagnose text CACS_CONFIRM_LOSS_OF_DATA, that generates the same message “Data will be lost.”, could be used.

POPUP_TO_CONFIRM_LOSS_OF_DATA

3. POPUP_TO_CONFIRM_STEP

Creates an info popup with custom text.

CALL FUNCTION 'POPUP_TO_CONFIRM_STEP'
EXPORTING
*   DEFAULTOPTION = 'Y'
TEXTLINE1 = text-001
*   TEXTLINE2 = ' '
TITEL = text-002
*   START_COLUMN = 25
*   START_ROW = 6
*   CANCEL_DISPLAY = 'X'
* IMPORTING
*   ANSWER =
.

POPUP_TO_CONFIRM_STEP

CALL FUNCTION 'POPUP_TO_CONFIRM'
EXPORTING
TITLEBAR = text-002
TEXT_QUESTION = text-001.

This is one of most simple implementation of old POPUPs with POPUP_TO_CONFIRM.

POPUP_TO_CONFIRM_STEP

4. POPUP_TO_CONFIRM_WITH_MESSAGE

Creates a simple popup with a message (diagnose text)

CALL FUNCTION 'POPUP_TO_CONFIRM_WITH_MESSAGE'
EXPORTING
*   DEFAULTOPTION        = 'Y'
DIAGNOSETEXT1        = text-004
*   DIAGNOSETEXT2        = ' '
*   DIAGNOSETEXT3        = ' '
TEXTLINE1            = text-002
*   TEXTLINE2            = ' '
TITEL                = text-001
*   START_COLUMN         = 25
*   START_ROW            = 6
*   CANCEL_DISPLAY       = 'X'
* IMPORTING
*   ANSWER               =
.

POPUP_TO_CONFIRM_WITH_MESSAGE

CALL FUNCTION 'POPUP_TO_CONFIRM'
EXPORTING
TITLEBAR = text-001
DIAGNOSE_OBJECT = 'Z_CONFIRM_WITH_MESSAGE'
TEXT_QUESTION = text-002.

POPUP_TO_CONFIRM_WITH_MESSAGE

Z_CONFIRM_WITH_MESSAGE should be created as shown in image below from Transaction SE61

POPUP_TO_CONFIRM_WITH_MESSAGE

5. POPUP_TO_CONFIRM_WITH_VALUE

This function creates a popup with a dynamic text with this pattern <TEXT_BEFORE><OBJECTVALUE><TEXT_AFTER>.

OBJECTVALUE could be any type of parameter that could be implicitly converted to a sequence of chars.

CALL FUNCTION 'POPUP_TO_CONFIRM_WITH_VALUE'
EXPORTING
*   DEFAULTOPTION = 'Y'
OBJECTVALUE = lv_value
*   TEXT_AFTER = ' '
TEXT_BEFORE = text-001
TITEL = text-002
*   START_COLUMN = 25
*   START_ROW = 6
*   CANCEL_DISPLAY = 'X'
* IMPORTING
*   ANSWER =
* EXCEPTIONS
*   TEXT_TOO_LONG = 1
*   OTHERS = 2
.

POPUP_TO_CONFIRM_WITH_VALUE

DATA: TEXT_QUESTION(256) TYPE C,
TEXT_BEFORE(256) TYPE C,
TEXT_AFTER(256) TYPE C,
VALUE(256) TYPE C.
VALUE = lv_value.
TEXT_BEFORE = text-001.
TEXT_AFTER = text-003.
CONCATENATE TEXT_BEFORE VALUE TEXT_AFTER INTO TEXT_QUESTION SEPARATED BY SPACE.
IF SY-SUBRC = 4.
*     TO DO: text too long
ENDIF.
CALL FUNCTION 'POPUP_TO_CONFIRM'
EXPORTING
TITLEBAR = text-002
TEXT_QUESTION = TEXT_QUESTION.

POPUP_TO_CONFIRM_WITH_VALUE

An other better solution is to use parametric diagnose text.

DATA: PARAMETERS LIKE SPAR OCCURS 0 WITH HEADER LINE.
MOVE lv_value TO PARAMETERS-VALUE.
MOVE 'VALUE' TO PARAMETERS-PARAM. 'PARAM must have the same name of the symbol in the dialog text
APPEND PARAMETERS.
CALL FUNCTION 'POPUP_TO_CONFIRM'
EXPORTING
TITLEBAR = text-002
DIAGNOSE_OBJECT = 'Z_CONFIRM_WITH_VALUE'
TEXT_QUESTION = ''
TABLES
PARAMETER = PARAMETERS.

Z_CONFIRM_WITH_VALUE is a dialog text created with SE61 with a symbol named &VALUE&.

POPUP_TO_CONFIRM_WITH_VALUE

6. POPUP_TO_CONFIRM_WITH_VALUE_2

This function is very similar to POPUP_TO_CONFIRM_WITH_VALUE but it uses only one parameter to generate test before and test after value. Separating char is ‘&’.

In ECC6 this function module is no longer usable because it generates a dump.

See POPUP_TO_CONFIRM_WITH_VALUE.

7. POPUP_TO_DECIDE

This function creates a popup with customizable button. This function is a default in the new POPUP_TO_CONFIRM.

CALL FUNCTION 'POPUP_TO_DECIDE'
EXPORTING
*   DEFAULTOPTION           = '1'
TEXTLINE1               = text-001
*   TEXTLINE2               = ' '
*   TEXTLINE3               = ' '
TEXT_OPTION1            = 'TEXT_OPTION1'
TEXT_OPTION2            = 'TEXT_OPTION2'
*   ICON_TEXT_OPTION1       = ' '
*   ICON_TEXT_OPTION2       = ' '
TITEL                   = text-002
*   START_COLUMN            = 25
*   START_ROW               = 6
*   CANCEL_DISPLAY          = 'X'
* IMPORTING
*   ANSWER                  =
.

POPUP_TO_DECIDE

CALL FUNCTION 'POPUP_TO_CONFIRM'
EXPORTING
TITLEBAR = text-002
TEXT_QUESTION = text-001
TEXT_BUTTON_1 = 'TEXT_OPTION1'
TEXT_BUTTON_2 = 'TEXT_OPTION2'.

POPUP_TO_DECIDE

8. POPUP_TO_DECIDE_WITH_MESSAGE

This function is the same as POPUP_TO_DECIDE, but with a DIAGNOSE TEXT.

CALL FUNCTION 'POPUP_TO_DECIDE_WITH_MESSAGE'
EXPORTING
*   DEFAULTOPTION           = '1'
DIAGNOSETEXT1           =
*   DIAGNOSETEXT2           = ' '
*   DIAGNOSETEXT3           = ' '
TEXTLINE1               =
*   TEXTLINE2               = ' '
*   TEXTLINE3               = ' '
TEXT_OPTION1            =
TEXT_OPTION2            =
*   ICON_TEXT_OPTION1       =
*   ICON_TEXT_OPTION2       =
TITEL                   =
*   START_COLUMN            = 25
*   START_ROW               = 6
*   CANCEL_DISPLAY          = 'X'
* IMPORTING
*   ANSWER                  =
.

See POPUP_TO_DECIDE and POPUP_TO_CONFIRM_WITH_MESSAGE.

Finally it’s very important to know how to manage the answer. In the old popup answer is a char with 3 possible value: ‘J’ (Yes), ‘N’ (No) and ‘A’ (Abort); in the function module POPUP_TO_CONFIRM the output answer could be: 1 (Yes), 2 (No) and ‘A’ (Abort), so pay much attention when you make the substitution of obsolete function with the new one.

Suggestions and critics are welcome.

In the next article I would like to analyze the class CL_GUI_FRONTEND_SERVICES.

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10 Comments

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  1. Nigel James
    It would be very useful if SAP put a comment in all old function modules that they were deprecated. They have marked in the function module documentation for this function that it is not to be used but there is a function obselete field on the general attributes of all FMs. These have not been filled in. It would still be quite easy to use some of these functions.

    Having said all that, the short text has been prefixed with ‘do not use’.

    regards,
    Nigel

    (0) 
  2. Peter Kamenik

    I am just curious..is there a way to change the questionmark image (through standard text or bitmap) or to insert custom image into the warning text? Or if anyone know about any usefull popup-decision-making function to achieve this.

    However very usefull blog, even after those years 🙂

    (0) 
  3. Omer Geva

    Hi,

    SAP still using this functions.

    Can anyone answer when will they stop using it or maybe delete those functions from the system?

    (0) 
    1. Matthew Billingham

      Obsolete means “don’t use this from now one“. It also means that if a particular bit of code is revisited by SAP developers, it will might be updated.

      (0) 

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