Secure Network Connection (SNC) is the SAP technology provided for Network and Transport Layer Security. In this Blog I will provide a how to guide how to enable data encryption for RFC connections to ABAP back ends.
How to avoid problems
- Do only install SAP Cryptographic Library. SAP Cryptographic Library and libsapsecure will not work in parallel
- You have to setup SNC before you can activate SNC with the parameter snc/enable = 1
Please follow these steps of the SAP Documentation to install the SAP Cryptographic Library:
- Download the SAP Cryptographic Library from http://service.sap.com/download -> Download -> SAP Cryptographic Software
- Install the SAP Cryptographic Library
- Don’t forget to set the environment variable SECUDIR for the User which runs the SAP ABAP stack. For my NetWeaver AS ABAP 7.50 I’ve added the lines
setenv SNC_LIB /usr/sap/cryptolib/libsapcrypto.so
setenv SECUDIR /usr/sap/cryptolib/libsapcrypto.so
to the .cshrc file of the npladm user.
- Now you can also set the Profile Parameters for Using SSL or use my Blog “Setup HTTPS (SSL) for the Sneak Preview SAP NetWeaver 04 ABAP Edition on Windows” to do that
Setup SNC on the ABAP Server
First we set the instance parameter “snc/identity/as” to the distinguished name the Server should get. I use “CN=IDS, OU=IT, O=CSW, C=DE”. Don’t forget to add “p:” in front of the DN:
snc/identity/as = p:CN=IDS, OU=IT, O=CSW, C=DE snc/gssapi_lib = /usr/sap/NPL/D00/exe/libsapcrypto.so
Create “SNC (SAPCryptolib)” PSE
After a restart of your server you can now create the SNC PSE. Start transaction STRUST or STRUSTSSO2 and right click on “SNC (SAPCryptolib)” choosing Create:
You just have to accept the SNC ID which is taken from the instance parameter “snc/identity/as”:
Please follow the next hint and add a password for the “SNC (SAPCryptolib)” PSE:
Type in a password which can contain letters and numbers:
Without the Password the Server would not start when you have set the parameter “snc/enable” to 1! Save the settings.
Set additional parameters
With the “SNC (SAPCryptolib)” PSE created we can now set this Instance Parameters:
snc/enable = 1 snc/accept_insecure_rfc = 1 snc/accept_insecure_gui = 1 snc/accept_insecure_cpic = 1 snc/permit_insecure_start = 1 snc/data_protection/min = 1 snc/extid_login_diag = 1 snc/extid_login_rfc = 1
I have chosen values which will enable you to still connect to the system without encryption. Done that, you have to restart the application server again.
Create PSE for RFC Client
I’ve decided to use a separate PSE for my RFC Client as described in Scenario 2: Using Individual PSEs for Components. To create this PSE I follow the instructions given in Creating an SNC PSE for the AS Java. The steps described show an example setup done on my Linux box. To test the connection I use the demo Programs coming with SAP Java Connector available at http://service.sap.com/connectors. I’ve extracted the connector in /usr/sap/jco.
Create sec directory for RFC Client PSE
To store the RFC Client PSE I create a subdirectory sec in “/usr/sap/jco/demo”:
zappod:~# cd /usr/sap/jco/demo/ zappod:/usr/sap/jco/demo# mkdir sec
Now switch to this directory and create the PSE:
zappod:~# cd sec
To run sapgenpse the directory containing the SAP Cryptographic Library (libsapcrypto.so on Linux) must be made available in the environment variable LD_LIBRARY_PATH:
Also the just created directory “/usr/sap/jco/demo/sec” has to be set as the SECUDIR:
Before you can start creating the PSE you also have to copy the ticket license file to it:
cp /usr/sap/IDS/DVEBMGS00/sec/ticket .
Now we are ready to create the PSE:
zappod:/usr/sap/jco/demo/sec# /sapmnt/IDS/exe/sapgenpse gen_pse -v -p RFC.pse Got absolute PSE path "/usr/sap/IDS/DVEBMGS00/sec/RFC.pse". Please enter PIN: ******** Please reenter PIN: ******** get_pse: Distinguished name of PSE owner: CN=RFC, OU=IT, O=CSW, C=DE Supplied distinguished name: "CN=RFC, OU=IT, O=CSW, C=DE" Generating key (RSA, 1024-bits) ... succeeded. certificate creation... ok PSE update... ok PKRoot... ok Generating certificate request... ok. PKCS#10 certificate request for "/usr/sap/jco/demo/sec/RFC.pse":
Export Client Certificate
We have to export the Client Certificate of the just created PSE:
# /sapmnt/IDS/exe/sapgenpse export_own_cert -v -p RFC.pse -o RFC.crt Opening PSE "/usr/sap/jco/demo/sec/RFC.pse"... No SSO credentials found for this PSE. Please enter PIN: ******** PSE open ok. Retrieving my certificate... ok. writing to file ...... ok
Import Client Certificate to Server PSE
You can import the client Certificate via Transaction STRUST. First open the Node SNC (SAPCryptolib) again. You have to provide the password set before:
Click on “Import certificate”
Set the file format to Base64 and choose the file:
Finally click “Add to Certificate List”
Export Server Certificate
Now we have to export the Server Certificate. Already in the STRUST node SNC (SAPCryptolib) double click on your own certificate so it is displayed in the Certificate field. Click on Export certificate:
Choose also Base64 for the File format and provide a name for the file:
Import Server Certificate to Client PSE
That is done again on the command line:
# /sapmnt/IDS/exe/sapgenpse maintain_pk -v -a SNC.crt -p RFC.pse Opening PSE "/usr/sap/jco/demo/sec/RFC.pse"... No SSO credentials found for this PSE. Please enter PIN: ******** PSE open ok. Adding new certificate from file "SNC.crt" ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- Subject : CN=IDS, OU=IT, O=CSW, C=DE Issuer : CN=IDS, OU=IT, O=CSW, C=DE Serialno: 00 KeyInfo : RSA, 2048-bit Validity - NotBefore: Wed Sep 27 21:37:32 2006 (060927193732Z) NotAfter: Fri Jan 1 01:00:01 2038 (380101000001Z) ---------- PKList updated (1 entries total, 1 newly added)
Create cred_v2 file
After we’ve now setup the RFC client PSE we have to create a file called cred_v2 which is used to securely give the RFC Program access to the PSE without providing the password for the PSE. On the command line run:
# /usr/sap/IDS/SYS/exe/run/sapgenpse seclogin -p RFC.pse -O root running seclogin with USER="root" creatingcredentials for yourself (USER="root")... Please enter PIN: ******** Added SSO-credentials for PSE "/usr/sap/jco/demo/sec/RFC.pse" "CN=RFC, OU=IT, O=CSW, C=DE"
Allow SNC RFC Connection
On the ABAP Server side we have now to maintain the View VSNCSYSACL which is used to restrict the SNC RFC Connections by an Access Control List (ACL). Start Transaction SM30, enter VSNCSYSACL and click Maintain. Accept the “The table is cross-client” information:
Choose “E” for the type of Type of ACL entry:
Enter System ID and SNC name. Don’t forget the “p:” in front of the DN! Check the boxes according to this screenshot:
Don’t forget to save this entry.
Map X.509 Certificate to User
To accept a X.509 Certificate for Login you have to maintain View VUSREXTID. Via this View you can setup a mapping between the Distinguished Name provided by a X.509 Certificate and an ABAP User. Start Transaction SM30, enter VUSREXTID and click Maintain. Choose DN for the External ID type:
Create a new entry and don’t forget to activate it:
Now we have everything in place to test the connection! To login with the X.509 Certificate you have to concatenate the previously exported Certificate in one line without “—–BEGIN CERTIFICATE—–“ and “—–END CERTIFICATE—–“. All login information can be maintained in the “vericlient.properties” file in directory “/usr/sap/jco/demo. I’ve used these values:
jco.client.client=800 jco.client.x509cert=Base64 Encoded Certificate in one line jco.client.ashost=zappod.csw.local jco.client.sysnr=00 jco.client.snc_mode=1 jco.client.snc_partnername=p:CN=IDS, OU=IT, O=CSW, C=DE jco.client.snc_qop=3 jco.client.snc_myname=p:CN=RFC, OU=IT, O=CSW, C=DE jco.client.snc_lib=/usr/sap/IDS/SYS/exe/run/libsapcrypto.so
Compile the Class VeriClient:
And run it providing the properties file as a parameter:
java VeriClient vericlient.properties
Somewhere in the result you should also see:
-------------- Test -------------------------------------------- -------------- Status ------------------------------------------ JCO.createClient()..........................................ok client.connect()............................................ok
With SNC enabled we can use the RFC Enabled Function Module SUSR_CHECK_LOGON_DATA to authenticate with an external ID. If the authentication was successful it will return a valid SSO2 Ticket. But that part of another Blog: Single Sign On with External ID implemented in Ruby.