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Web Dynpro for ABAP: creating Dynamic UI Elements and Context: Step by Step

In this step-by-step procedure you will create a simple Web Dynpro component, which consists of one view.  In the view you will create a Group.  A Label, Input Field and Button are added to the group.  For the view, you will create a view context, which is linked to the Input Field on the view layout, which contains a default value SFLIGHT. Depending on the default value a dynamic Node is created in the context at runtime.  Then a UI Element of type Group is created dynamically. And a table is also created dynamically and bound with the new context node.  This table is added to the new group.  This table will be displayed in the browser at runtime. Furthermore, you will create a Web Dynpro application for this simple Web Dynpro component, which can be run in the browser.


Creating a Web  Dynpro Component         

1. Start
ABAP Workbench (SE80) and select +Web- Dynpro-Comp./ Intf . + from the
available object list.


2. To create a new Web Dynpro
component, enter the name Z_DYN_UI

for the new component in the selection dialog of the object list, and select Display.


3. In the dialog box that appears, you can enter a
description of the new object and select as type +Web Dynpro
Component+. In this dialog you also have the chance to maintain the name of
the default window.


Assign the component Z_DYN_UI to package $TMP.  


As a

result, you can now see the newly created Web  Dynpro

component Z_DYN_UI object tree, which

contains the objects component controller, component interface (which contains

the entries interface controller and interface views) and windows. You can

access the objects using double-click.   </p>

Creating a new View and Assigning the

View to the Window  

1. Click on

the Web  Dynpro  component Z_DYN_UI in the object tree and open the context menu to create a

new view.  


2. Create a view VIEW1.


The +View Editor +will be started on the right side
of the Workbench window. In order to open the +Layout +tab and the +View
Designer+, a popup appears asking for user and password for the SAP Web
Application Server. Use the same user/password which you used for logon to the
SAP system.

3. Save
the VIEW1.

4. Now
open window Z_DYN_UI by double clicking.  
Switch to change mode.   Right click
on Z_DYN_UI and select EMBED VIEW.   
Select view VIEW1 .


Or drag
and drop VIEW1 from Component Explorer to this Window.

5. Save
the changes.

Creating a View Context for MAINVIEW  

1. Open the View Editor for view VIEW1 and switch to tab Context.

Create a context node TABLE_DATA in the View Controller by opening the

corresponding context menu.  


2. Add an
attribute NAME to the TABLE_DATA node.  
And give a default value as SFLIGHT.



3. Save

Creating a corresponding UI Element for

the context node SFLIGHT_NODE  

1. Switch
to tab +Layout +of view VIEW1.

2. Insert the
below UI elements under ROOTUIELEMENTCONTAINER and assign the properties in the
given table.

UI Element 1





Grid Layout



UI Element 2


(Created automatically when a Group UI is created)


Input Table Container

UI Element 3




Label For

(fill this property after creating InputField)


Table Name

UI Element 4





Bind this property to the View Context NAME

UI Element 5





Show Table


ROUNDTRIP (Create event)





Creating UI Elements Dynamically for the view VIEW1 

TYPE table.

        • To get Root Node info in the Context.

  rootnode_info = wd_context ->get_node_info ( ).

  tabname_node = wd_context ->get_child_node ( name = ‘TABLE_DATA’ ).

        • To get the TableName from the Input Field

  tabname_node ->get_attribute ( EXPORTING name = ‘NAME’ IMPORTING value = tablename ).


        • To Create a Table Node in the context Dynamically

  cl_wd_dynamic_tool =>create_nodeinfo_from_struct (

      parent_info = rootnode_info

      node_name = tablename

      structure_name = tablename

      is_multiple = abap_true ) .

  dyn_node = wd_context ->get_child_node ( name = tablename ).

        • To Get the ref to ROOTUIELEMENTCONTAINER in the view

  CALL METHOD view->get_root_element


      root_view_element = rootelem .

  rootnode ? = rootelem .

        • if Group_2 already exists in the, to remove it.

        • this case only occurs, if you are running application just by refreshing.

        • Precautionary Check for existence of Group_2

  rootnode ->remove_child ( id = ‘GROUP_2’ ).

        • To create a new Group

  group_2 = cl_wd_group =>new_group (

      view = view

      id = `GROUP_2`

      design = `01`

      enabled = abap_true

      has_content_padding = abap_true

      scrolling_mode = `02`

      visible = `02`


        • To add a caption to the Group

  capt_gr2 = cl_wd_caption =>new_caption (

      view = view

      “ID = `CAPT_GR2`

      enabled = abap_true

      image_first = abap_true

      text = ‘Dynamic Group’

      text_direction = `02`

      visible = `02`


        • To set the Caption to the Group_2

  group_2->set_header ( capt_gr2 ).

        • To set the layout for the Group_2

  cl_wd_grid_layout =>new_grid_layout (

    container = group_2

    cell_padding = `0`

    cell_spacing = `0`

    col_count = `2`

    stretched_horizontally = abap_true

    stretched_vertically = abap_true


  cl_wd_flow_data =>new_flow_data (

      element = group_2

      cell_design = `04`

      v_gutter = `00`


        • Add the Group_2 to ROOTUIELEMENTCONTAINER

  rootnode ->add_child ( group_2 ) .

        • Create a Table UI Element from Context and assigning it to Group_2.

new_tab = cl_wd_dynamic_tool =>create_table_from_node (

ui_parent = group_2

table_id   = ‘TESTTAB’

node       = dyn_node ).

  • create internal table of (tabletype )

  CREATE DATA stru_tab TYPE TABLE OF (tablename ).

  ASSIGN stru_tab ->* TO .

  • Get table content


  • Bind internal table to context node.

  dyn_node ->bind_table (

Creating a Web  Dynpro


1. Click on the Web Dynpro component Z_DYN_UI in the object tree
and open the context menu to create a new application.

Enter a name (or accept the proposed name) and press Continue or (Enter Key).  


3. Save
as local Object.

Activating and running your Application  

1. Activate all objects.

2. To start the application, right click on your Web  Dynpro

application entry and select context menu entry Test.  



You have now created a Web Dynpro
component which contains one view VIEW1. On view VIEW1 a Group with Label, InputField and Button.  
Once you input Table Name and click on Show Table, the result is
displayed in a new group UI element (Dynamic Group) along with a table. Furthermore, you have created a Web Dynpro

application (as handle for the Web Dynpro component) which can be started directly via URL.
The result screen is a table which displays SFLIGHT data.

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    • Hi Ajay,

      The difference is that, here I’m creating UI elements dynamically.  As said in other comment by Thomas Jung, we must be careful while creating UI elements dynamically.

  • As stated already there are already tutorials on SDN that cover both the dynamic parts and the basic tutorial presented here.

    However worse is that you haven’t pointed out anything about the concept of Dynamic UI creation! Dynamic UI element creation should be your absolute last resort!  Its use, although technically powerful, complicates the component.  Now you have UI definition in the layout and also in coding.  This added complexity adds cost to the maintenance of the component over time.

    Why create the group dynamically in this example?  If you just want to control the visibility or title of the group dynamically – just use context binding.  That is the correct approach.

    There is nothing wrong with dynamic ui element creation when used sparingly and where appropriate. When looking at this example, the reader should keep this in mind.